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Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 5429–5443 | Cite as

Controlling synthesis of nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous graphene-like carbon with coral flower structure for high-performance supercapacitors

  • Wenlian Chen
  • Zhongai HuEmail author
  • Yuying Yang
  • Xiaotong Wang
  • Yuanyuan He
  • Yandong Xie
  • Cuiming Zhu
  • Yan Zhang
  • Liwen Lv
Original Paper
  • 88 Downloads

Abstract

In this work, nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous graphene-like carbon (NCFC) with coral flower structure is synthesized by an eco-friendly and inexpensive template carbonization method, with cellulose acetate (CA) as carbon precursor, MgO as template, and urea as nitrogen agent. The as-synthesized NCFC features loose coral flower composed of ultra-thin graphene-like sheets and has a high specific surface area of 937 m2 g−1. As the electrode material for supercapacitors, the NCFC shows a high capacitance of 333 F g−1 at 1 A g−1 in 1 mol L−1 H2SO4 electrolyte and a good rate performance (the specific capacitance at 10 A g−1 retains 84% relative to 1 A g−1), and excellent cycle stability with 100% capacitance retention after 10,000 cycles. The symmetric supercapacitor (SSC) was assembled by using NCFC in 1 mol L−1 H2SO4 electrolyte. The device exhibits the maximum energy density of 21 W h kg−1 at a power density of 750 W kg−1 in a potential window of 0 to 1.4 V. Our work is expected to pave a new way for scale-up production of high-performance graphene-like carbon from natural cellulose with a simple, eco-friendly, and low-cost method.

Keywords

Cellulose acetate MgO Template Supercapacitors 

Notes

Funding information

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21773187, 21563027, 21163017, and 20963009)

Supplementary material

11581_2019_3062_MOESM1_ESM.docx (483 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 483 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenlian Chen
    • 1
  • Zhongai Hu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuying Yang
    • 1
  • Xiaotong Wang
    • 1
  • Yuanyuan He
    • 1
  • Yandong Xie
    • 1
  • Cuiming Zhu
    • 1
  • Yan Zhang
    • 1
  • Liwen Lv
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Eco-Environment-Related Polymer Materials of Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials of Gansu Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringNorthwest Normal UniversityLanzhouChina

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