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Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 9, pp 4341–4350 | Cite as

Low-cost high-performance asymmetric supercapacitors based on ribbon-like Ni(OH)2 and biomass carbon nanofibers enriched with nitrogen and phosphorus

  • Debin Kong
  • Lin Cao
  • Zeming Fang
  • Fenglin Lai
  • Zhidan LinEmail author
  • Peng ZhangEmail author
  • Wei Li
Original Paper
  • 106 Downloads

Abstract

Herein, we report a facile and low-cost synthesis of nitrogen and phosphorus co-doped carbonized bacterial cellulose (N, P-CBC) via in-situ soaking bacteria cellulose and carbonization method. The N, P-CBC yielded a high specific capacitance of 232 F g−1 at 1 A g−1 and 92.7% rate capability retention at 5 A g−1. Moreover, the asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) device was further fabricated with N, P-CBC as the negative electrode and Ni(OH)2, prepared using a simple chemical precipitate method as the positive electrode. The fabricated ASC device provided a maximum working voltage of 1.6 V and high energy density (41.9 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 799.2 W kg−1). The device exhibits remarkable specific capacitance (118 F g−1 at 1 A g−1) and excellent cycle lifetime (76.3% specific capacitance after 5000 cycles). Such an excellent electrochemical performance demonstrated that the as-prepared N, P-CBC and Ni(OH)2 electrodes will be both great potential candidates for supercapacitors.

Keywords

Nitrogen and phosphorus co-doped Carbonized bacterial cellulose Ni(OH)2 Asymmetric supercapacitors 

Notes

Funding information

This research was supported by the Guangdong Science and Technology Project Fund (no. 2015A030310488) and the Scientific Cultivation and Innovation Fund Project of Jinan University (Nos. 21617427 and 21617422).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Advanced Wear & Corrosion Resistant and Functional MaterialsJinan UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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