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Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 9, pp 4295–4303 | Cite as

Nitrogen, phosphorus co-doped mesoporous carbon materials as efficient catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction

  • Mengying Li
  • Chengyin Wang
  • Shengnan Hu
  • Huimin WuEmail author
  • Chuanqi Feng
  • Yanqing ZhangEmail author
Original Paper
  • 95 Downloads

Abstract

Carbon, phosphorus or nitrogen-doped carbon and nitrogen, and phosphorus co-doped carbon materials were successfully synthesized. The scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscope indicated that the samples exhibited three-dimensional layered structure. While the X-ray diffraction and Raman results suggested that the samples were typical carbon materials with high purity, besides, the nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm results showed that the nitrogen, phosphorus co-doped carbon material had the highest specific surface area of 2346.2 m2 g−1 with uniform mesoporous (3.8 nm) and considerable pore volume (0.69 cm3 g−1). The cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectra, liner sweep voltammetry, and chronoamperometry were tested in oxygen-saturated 0.1 M KOH solution. The electrochemical tests suggested that the nitrogen, phosphorus co-doped carbon material had a positive onset potential (0.92 V), half-wave potential (0.81 V), low resistance (73 Ω), and low Tafel slope (70 mV/decade) at low current region. More importantly, the oxygen reduction reaction was a 4-electron pathway with excellent methanol tolerance.

Keywords

Carbon material Co-doped High specific surface area Mesoporous Oxygen reduction reaction 

Notes

Funding information

Financial support was provided by the Education Department of Hubei province (D20171001).

Supplementary material

11581_2019_2976_MOESM1_ESM.doc (3.8 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 3860 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials and Key Laboratory for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules, Ministry of Education and College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHubei UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringYangzhou UniversityYangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Wuhan University of Science of TechnologyWuhanChina

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