pp 1–14 | Cite as

Carbon-based lanthanum nickelate material La2−xyNdxPryNiO4+δ (x = 0, 0.3, and 0.5; y = 0 and 0.2) as a bifunctional electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction in alkaline media

  • Sabah Amira
  • Mosbah FerkhiEmail author
  • Ammar Khaled
  • Fabrice Mauvy
  • Jean-Claude Grenier
  • Laurent Houssiau
  • Jean-Jacques Pireaux
Original Paper


The kinetics and mechanism of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline medium are studied on lanthanum nickelate materials La2−xyNdxPryNiO4±δ (x = 0, 0.3 and 0.5; y = 0 and 0.2) using the electrochemical technique of the rotating disk electrode in a 0.5-M solution of NaOH. The oxide powders are synthesized by the citrate–nitrate method. Structural and surface characterizations are performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS), while the morphology is studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Electrochemical studies are carried out by linear voltamperometry, cyclic voltamperometry, and impedance spectroscopy. The doped and undoped electrocatalyst composites (La2−xyNdxPryNiO4±δ/C), made of the rare earth nickel oxides mixed with carbon black (Vulcan XC-72(C)), are deposited as a thin layer on a glassy carbon substrate. At room temperature, the undoped electrocatalyst La2NiO4±δ material shows single-step kinetics unlike the doped materials. The doping by the rare earths Nd or/and Pr significantly enhances the electrical conductivity of the electrode under air and the diffusion of oxygen. On the other hand, the steric hindrance between the atomic oxygen orbital (π-orbital (O2)–π-orbital (O2)) and the dz2–orbital (Ni)–π-orbital (O2) influences the training model of the liaison (dz2(Ni)–π (O2)). The structure, oxygen adsorption, and oxidation states of the catalyst elements have a large influence on the mechanism and kinetics of the ORR. The LNNO3/C and LNPNO5/C electrocatalysts have better electrocatalytic performances, which allow them to be used as a bifunctional electrocatalyst for the reduction of oxygen in alkaline media.


ORR mechanism MIEC Impedance spectroscopy XPS analysis Electrocatalyst materials 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabah Amira
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mosbah Ferkhi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Ammar Khaled
    • 2
  • Fabrice Mauvy
    • 3
  • Jean-Claude Grenier
    • 3
  • Laurent Houssiau
    • 4
  • Jean-Jacques Pireaux
    • 4
  1. 1.Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences Exactes et InformatiqueUniversité Mohamed Seddik Ben Yahia - JijelJijelAlgeria
  2. 2.Laboratoire d’Etude sur les Interactions Matériaux-Environnement (LIME)Université Mohamed Seddik Ben Yahia de JijelJijelAlgeria
  3. 3.CNRS, Université de BordeauxICMCBPessacFrance
  4. 4.Namur Institute of Structured Matter (NISM)University of NamurNamurBelgium

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