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Ionics

pp 1–9 | Cite as

Facile synthesis of nanowire and rectangular flakes of Co3O4 onto Ni foam for high-performance asymmetric supercapacitors

  • Xin Wang
  • Kun Song
  • Rui Yang
  • Jishen Li
  • Xiaoyan Jing
  • Jun WangEmail author
Original Paper
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, Co3O4 with different morphologies (nanowires of single phase, nanowires, and rectangular flakes of both phases) for supercapacitor electrode were synthesized through a hydrothermal approach in the presence of Triton X-100 followed by annealing at 350 °C for 1 h. The different morphologies of the samples were obtained with the assistance of surfactant by adjusting the quantity of reactants. Relative to Co3O4 nanowire (Co3O4 NW) samples, the Co3O4 nanowire-flake (Co3O4 NW-F) samples exhibit excellent electrochemical performance with higher capacity of 1230.65 F g−1 at a current density of 1 A g−1, and with regard to cycling stability, they perform well in a three-electrode system during the larger specific surface area. Moreover, an asymmetric supercapacitor was assembled with Co3O4 NW-F as positive electrode and activated carbon as negative electrode; the device shows a high energy density of 61.60 W h kg−1 at a power density of 1440 W kg−1.

Keywords

Asymmetric supercapacitor Co3O4 Surfactant assisted 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by Department of Education, Heilongjiang Province (135109203) and College students’ innovation and training program (201810232090).

Supplementary material

11581_2019_2943_MOESM1_ESM.doc (260 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 260 kb)
11581_2019_2943_MOESM2_ESM.mp4 (10.9 mb)
ESM 2 (MP4 11,132 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kun Song
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rui Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jishen Li
    • 2
  • Xiaoyan Jing
    • 1
  • Jun Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Material Science and Chemical EngineeringHarbin Engineering UniversityHarbinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringQiqihar UniversityQiqiharPeople’s Republic of China

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