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Three-dimensional carboxymethyl cellulose sponge-like ultralight electrode for lithium-ion batteries

  • Xiaowu Yang
  • Yan Xin
  • Xing Zhang
  • Xia Wang
  • Chen WangEmail author
Original Paper
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

In order to reduce the weight of the lithium-ion battery and increase its capacity, the copper foil as a conventional current collector is completely abandoned, and a novel ultralight negative electrode prepared by freeze-drying technology and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) has a 3D sponge-like structure. Further, graphite is employed as an electrode material. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy show no damage to the graphite structure during the formation of the carbon sponge. The thin layer of acetylene black deposit acts as a current collector and allows graphite to maximize contact with the electrolyte. In the half-cell experiment, this new 3D CMC spongy ultralight collector-free electrode achieves considerable cyclical stability. This paper describes innovative and fairly simple techniques to fully realize 3D CMC sponge-like current collector applied in lithium-ion battery, rather than relatively heavy and expensive copper foil, thereby improving the weight and volumetric energy density of such advanced batteries.

Keywords

3D sponge-like ultralight electrode Lithium-ion batteries Anode materials 

Notes

Funding information

This study received financial support from the Natural Science Foundation of China (51803114) and the Scientific Research Fund of Shaanxi University of Science and Technology (2016QNBJ-15), the Innovative Talents Promotion Plan in Shaanxi Province (2018KJXX-023), the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province in China (2017JM2017), and the Scientific Research Foundation of Shaanxi Provincial Education Department (18JS013).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaowu Yang
    • 1
  • Yan Xin
    • 1
  • Xing Zhang
    • 2
  • Xia Wang
    • 1
  • Chen Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Shaanxi key Laboratory of Chemical Additives for IndustryShaanxi University of Science & TechnologyXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Research Institute of Petroleum Engineering TechnologyShengli Oilfield Company, SinopecDongyingPeople’s Republic of China

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