, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 2633–2643 | Cite as

About dielectric relaxation in highly cross-linked poly(ethylene oxide)

  • Hans-Werner KammerEmail author
Original Paper


The effect of lithium salt on dynamics in highly cross-linked poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) has been investigated. The elaboration uses results of dielectric relaxation studies. It turns out that competition of electric and structural relaxation coins conductivity mechanism. Neat cross-linked PEO with low mesh size can be transferred in super-cooled liquid state. Then, cross-linked PEO behaves like a hydrogen-bonded liquid since crystallization is strongly suppressed. As a result, one observes slow Debye-like relaxation at low temperature. It disappears after addition of salt since interaction of salt with polymer chains is stronger than the hydrogen-bonded network in the neat polymer. Analysis of tangent-loss spectra shows: Particle density governing dc conductivity does not depend on temperature at low concentration of added salt. It increases with temperature for neat cross-linked PEO and PEO loaded with sufficiently high concentration of salt. Prevention of crystallization requires a tight network of cross-links. Scaled representations of relevant impedance data for neat cross-linked PEO over extended ranges of frequency and temperature reveal that electric and structural relaxations are independent of temperature to good approximation at low and high frequency. There is a range of damped network oscillations, sandwiched between these limits, where relaxation becomes dependent on temperature. This range lessens with temperature. It does not occur at all in salt-comprising cross-linked PEO.


AC conductivities Capacitances Chemical diffusion DC conductivities Polymer electrolytes 



The author is grateful to Professor J. Kressler and his students of Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany, for providing impedance data.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University Teknologi MARAShah AlamMalaysia

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