Advertisement

Ionics

pp 1–11 | Cite as

Theoretical and experimental studies of 2,2-bipyridine for nanocrystalline zinc-nickel deposition

  • Zhongbao Feng
  • Dagang Li
  • Lin Wang
  • Qiang Sun
  • Pai Lu
  • Pengfei Xing
  • Maozhong An
Original Paper
  • 10 Downloads

Abstract

A nanocrystalline Zn-Ni alloy with an average grain size of 25 nm was electrodeposited from an alkaline bath with 2,2-bipyridine. An effective approach using electrochemical experiments and quantum chemical calculations was employed to investigate the effect of 2,2-bipyridine on the process of Zn-Ni deposition. Quantum chemical calculations indicate that the ring structure (especially nitrogen atoms) in 2,2-bipyridine is the most active reactive site for its adsorption. 2,2-bipyridine can form effective and stable surface adsorption on the electrode surface by sharing electrons between the ring structure and Zn-Ni atoms. The addition of 2,2-bipyridine does not change the single-step two-electron transfer mechanism with the diffusion-controlled process of Zn-Ni growth. However, better corrosion resistance and wear resistance of nanocrystalline Zn-Ni alloys is obtained with 2,2-bipyridine, which can be associated with the rapid formation of hydrophobic nature on nanocrystalline Zn-Ni alloys, and its smoother surface as well as higher hardness and lower friction coefficient, respectively.

Keywords

Zn-Ni alloys Electrochemical behaviors Quantum chemical calculations 2,2-Bipyridine Wear resistance 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful for the support by the Jiangsu Province Cultivation Base for State Key Laboratory of Photovoltaic Science and Technology, the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (N172503012 and N172504029), National Natural Science Foundation of China (21503033), and Certificate of China Postdoctoral Science Foundation Grant (2018M631809).

Supplementary material

11581_2018_2786_MOESM1_ESM.docx (179 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 178 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Ramanauskas R, Muleshkova L, Maldonado L, Dobrovolskis P (1998) Characterization of the corrosion behaviour of Zn and Zn alloy electrodeposits: atmospheric and accelerated tests. Corros Sci 40:401–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fratesi R, Roventi G (1996) Corrosion resistance of Zn-Ni alloy coatings in industrial production. Surf Coat Technol 82:158–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Boonyongmaneerat Y, Saenapitak S, Saengkiettiyut K (2009) Reverse pulse electrodeposition of Zn-Ni alloys from a chloride bath. J Alloys Compd 487:479–482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gavrila M, Millet JP, Mazille H, Marchandise D, Cuntz JM (2000) Corrosion behaviour of zinc-nickel coatings electrodeposited on steel. Surf Coat Technol 123:164–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lokhande AC, Bagi JS (2014) Studies on enhancement of surface mechanical properties of electrodeposited Ni-Co alloy coatings due to saccharin additive. Surf Coat Technol 258:225–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gurrappa I, Binder L (2008) Electrodeposition of nanostructured coatings and their characterization-a review. Sci Technol Adv Mater 9:1–11Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Esfahani M, Munir KS, Wen C, Zhang J, Durandet Y, Wang J, Wong YC (2018) Mechanical properties of electrodeposited nanocrystalline and ultrafine-grained Zn-Sn coatings. Surf Coat Technol 333:71–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lu L, Shen Y, Chen X, Qian L, Lu K (2004) Ultrahigh strength and high electrical conductivity in copper. Science 304:422–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li GY, Lian JS, Niu LY, Jiang ZH (2005) Investigation of nanocrystalline zinc-nickel alloy coatings in an alkaline zincate bath. Surf Coat Technol 191:59–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Muresan LM, Eymard J, Blejan D, Indrea E (2010) Zn-Ni alloy coatings from alkaline bath containing triethanolamine. Influence of additives. Stud Univ Babes-Bolyai Chem 1:37–44Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rao VR, Hegde AC (2013) Synergistic effect of gelatin and glycerol on electrodeposition of Zn-Ni alloy. Metall Mater Trans B Process Metall Mater Process Sci 44B:1236–1242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liang S, Roitberg AE (2013) AM1 specific reaction parameters for reactions of hydroxide ion with halomethanes in complex environments: development and testing. J Chem Theory Comput 9:4470–4480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Xia SW, Qiu M, Yu LM, Liu FG, Zhao HZ (2008) Molecular dynamics and density functional theory study on relationship between structure of imidazoline derivatives and inhibition performance. Corros Sci 50:2021–2029CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang C, Zhang J, Yang P, An M (2013) Electrochemical behaviors of Janus Green B in through-hole copper electroplating: an insight by experiment and density functional theory calculation using Safranine T as a comparison. Electrochim Acta 92:356–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Feng Z, Ren L, Zhang J, Yang P, An M (2016) Theoretical calculations and electrochemical behaviors of additives in DMH-based alkaline bath for nanocrystalline Zn-Ni electrodeposition. J Electrochem Soc 163:D544–D553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hosseini MG, Ashassi-Sorkhabi H, Ghiasvand HAY (2008) Electrochemical studies of Zn-Ni alloy coatings from non-cyanide alkaline bath containing tartrate as complexing agent. Surf Coat Technol 202:2897–2904CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Feng L, Yang H, Wang F (2011) Experimental and theoretical studies for corrosion inhibition of carbon steel by imidazoline derivative in 5% NaCl saturated Ca(OH)2 solution. Electrochim Acta 58:427–436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Barouni K, Bazzi L, Salghi R, Mihit M, Hammouti B, Albourine A, El Issami S (2008) Some amino acids as corrosion inhibitors for copper in nitric acid solution. Mater Lett 62:3325–3327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shokry H (2014) Molecular dynamics simulation and quantum chemical calculations for the adsorption of some Azo-azomethine derivatives on mild steel. J Mol Struct 1060:80–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sriraman KR, Brahimi S, Szpunar JA, Osborned JH, Yue S (2013) Characterization of corrosion resistance of electrodeposited Zn-Ni Zn and Cd coatings. Electrochim Acta 105:314–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bučko M, Rogan J, Stevanović SI, Perić-Grujić A, Bajat JB (2011) Initial corrosion protection of Zn-Mn alloys electrodeposited from alkaline solution. Corros Sci 53:2861–2871CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jie H, Xu Q, Wei L, Min Y (2016) Etching and heating treatment combined approach for superhydrophobic surface on brass substrates and the consequent corrosion resistance. Corros Sci 102:251–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Imaz N, Ostra M, Vidal M, Dίez JA, Sarret M, Garcίa-Lecina E (2014) Corrosion behaviour of chromium coatings obtained by direct and reverse pulse plating electrodeposition in NaCl aqueous solution. Corros Sci 78:251–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tafreshi M, Allahkaram SR, Farhangi H (2016) Comparative study on structure, corrosion properties and tribological behavior of pure Zn and different Zn-Ni alloy coatings. Mater Chem Phys 183:263–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hall EO (1951) The deformation and ageing of mild steel: III discussion of results. Proc Phys Soc Sect B 64:747–752CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Riddle Y, Bailerare T (2005) Friction and wear reduction via an Ni-B electroless bath coating for metal alloys. JOM 57:40–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Alfantazi AM, Erb U (1996) Microhardness and thermal stability of pulse-plated Zn-Ni alloy coatings. Mater Sci Eng A 212:123–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Suh NP, Sin H (1981) The genesis of friction. Wear 69:91–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Jiangsu Province Cultivation base for State Key Laboratory of Photovoltaic Science and TechnologyChangzhou UniversityChangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations