, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 1351–1358 | Cite as

Surface charge-assisted synthesis of ZnO on polarized BaTiO3 substrate

  • Ashutosh Kumar DubeyEmail author
  • Yuto Oyama
  • Ken-ichi Kakimoto
Original Paper


The present work reports the effect of charged surfaces of BaTiO3 substrate on the synthesis of ZnO. The unpolarized and polarized BaTiO3 substrates were immersed in ZnO precursor solution and synthesis behavior of ZnO on both the surfaces was compared. The polarized BaTiO3 substrates have been observed to accelerate ZnO crystal growth. The surface charge density of the polarized substrate was measured to be 1.6 μC/cm2. To understand the effect of amount of substrate charge on growth behavior of ZnO crystals, the substrates with varying charge densities were prepared through partial depolarization of polarized substrates. With increase in the amount of surface charge, crystallization of ZnO increases due to enhanced electrostatic interactions. Overall, the polarization-assisted deposition method has been suggested as a simple, efficient, and rapid technique for the synthesis of multifunctional ZnO.


ZnO BaTiO3 Surface charge Crystallization 



AKD gratefully acknowledge SERB, Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India for thier support.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashutosh Kumar Dubey
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuto Oyama
    • 2
  • Ken-ichi Kakimoto
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Ceramic EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (BHU)VaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Graduate School of EngineeringNagoya Institute of TechnologyNagoyaJapan
  3. 3.Frontier Research Institute for Materials ScienceNagoya Institute of TechnologyNagoyaJapan

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