Ionics

pp 1–10 | Cite as

Improving the rate performance and stability of LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 in high voltage lithium-ion battery by using fluoroethylene carbonate as electrolyte additive

  • Lina Wang
  • Suqin Liu
  • Kuangmin Zhao
  • Jinchao Li
  • Yuliang Yang
  • Guofeng Jia
Original Paper
  • 68 Downloads

Abstract

Fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) is investigated as the electrolyte additive to improve the electrochemical performance of high voltage LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 cathode material. Compared to LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2/Li cells in blank electrolyte, the capacity retention of the cells with 5 wt% FEC in electrolytes after 80 times charge-discharge cycle between 3.0 and 4.5 V significantly improve from 82.0 to 89.7%. Besides, the capacity of LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2/Li only obtains 12.6 mAh g−1 at 5 C in base electrolyte, while the 5 wt% FEC in electrolyte can reach a high capacity of 71.3 mAh g−1 at the same rate. The oxidative stability of the electrolyte with 5 wt% FEC is evaluated by linear sweep voltammetry and potentiostatic data. The LSV results show that the oxidation potential of the electrolytes with FEC is higher than 4.5 V vs. Li/Li+, while the oxidation peaks begin to appear near 4.3 V in the electrolyte without FEC. In addition, the effect of FEC on surface of LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 is elucidated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The analysis result indicates that FEC facilitates the formation of a more stable surface film on the LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 cathode. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) result evidences that the stable surface film could improve cathode electrolyte interfacial resistance. These results demonstrate that the FEC can apply as an additive for 4.5 V high voltage electrolyte system in LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2/Li cells.

Keywords

Lithium-ion battery Electrolyte additive LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 Cathode FEC 

References

  1. 1.
    Xia J, Ma L, Aiken CP, Nelson KJ, Chen LP, Dahn JR (2014) Comparative study on prop-1-ene-1,3-sultone and vinylene carbonate as electrolyte additives for Li(Ni1/3Mn1/3Co1/3)O2/graphite pouch cells. J Electrochem Soc 161:A1634–A1641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yan GC, Li XH, Wang ZX, Guo HJ, Wang C (2014) Tris(trimethylsilyl)phosphate: a film-forming additive for high voltage cathode material in lithium-ion batteries. J Power Sources 248:1306–1311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhao K, Liu S, Ye G, Gan Q, Zhou Z, He Z (2018) High-yield bottom-up synthesis of 2D metal–organic frameworks and their derived ultrathin carbon nanosheets for energy storage. J Mater Chem A 6:2166–2175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Noh HJ, Youn S, Chong SY, Sun YK (2013) Comparison of the structural and electrochemical properties of layered Li[NixCoyMnz]O2( x =1/3, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8 and 0.85) cathode material for lithium-ion batteries. J Power Sources 233:121–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kang J, Pham HQ, Kang DH, Park HY, Song SW (2016) Improved rate capability of highly loaded carbon fiber-interwoven LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 cathode material for high-power Li-ion batteries. J Alloys Compd 657:464–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Xiong X, Wang Z, Guo H, Zhang Q, Li X (2013) Enhanced electrochemical properties of lithium-reactive V2O5 coated on the LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cathode material for lithium ion batteries at 60 °C. J Mater Chem A 1:1284–1288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    He P, Yu H, Li D, Zhou H (2012) Layered lithium transition metal oxide cathodes towards high energy lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem 22:3680–3695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shu J, Ma R, Shao L, Shui M, Wu K, Lao M, Wang D, Long N, Ren Y (2014) In-situ X-ray diffraction study on the structural evolutions of LiNi0.5Co0.3Mn0.2O2 in different working potential windows. J Power Sources 245:7–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ju SH, Kang IS, Lee YS, Shin WK, Kim S, Shin K, Kim DW (2014) Improvement of the cycling performance of LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 cathode active materials by a dual-conductive polymer coating. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:2546–2552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cho J, Kim TJ, Kim J, Noh M (2014) Synthesis, thermal, and electrochemical properties of AlPO4-coated LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cathode materials for a Li-ion cell. J Electrochem Soc 151:A1899–A1904CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Huang W, Xing L, Wang Y, Xu M, Li W, Xie F, Xia S (2014) 4-(Trifluoromethyl)-benzonitrile: a novel electrolyte additive for lithium nickel manganese oxide cathode of high voltage lithium ion battery. J Power Sources 267:560–565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Haregewoin AM, Wotango AS, Hwang BJ (2016) Electrolyte additives for lithium ion battery electrodes: progress and perspectives. Energy Environ Sci 9:1955–1988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Xu M, Zhou L, Dong Y, Tottempudi U, Demeaux J, Garsuch A, Lucht BL (2015) Improved performance of high voltage graphite/LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 batteries with added lithium tetramethyl borate. ECS Electrochem Lett 4:A83–A86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rong H, Xu M, Xing L, Li W (2014) Enhanced cyclability of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode in carbonate based electrolyte with incorporation of tris(trimethylsilyl)phosphate (TMSP). J Power Sources 261:148–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhang Z, Hu L, Wu H, Weng W, Koh M, Redfern PC, Curtiss LA, Amine K (2013) Fluorinated electrolytes for 5 V lithium-ion battery chemistry. Energy Environ Sci 6:1806–1810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li J, Xing L, Zhang R, Chen M, Wang Z, Xu M, Li W (2015) Tris(trimethylsilyl)borate as an electrolyte additive for improving interfacial stability of high voltage layered lithium-rich oxide cathode/carbonate-based electrolyte. J Power Sources 285:360–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lee S, Han J, Lee Y, Jeong M, Shin W, Ue M, Choi N (2014) A bi-functional lithium difluoro(oxalato)borate additive for lithium cobalt oxide/lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide cathodes and silicon/graphite anodes in lithium-ion batteries at elevated temperatures. Electrochim Acta 137:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tan S, Ji YJ, Zhang ZR, Yang Y (2014) Recent progress in research on high-voltage electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries. ChemPhysChem 15:1956–1969CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yim T, Kang KS, Mun J, Sang HL, Woo SG, Kim KJ, Park MS, Cho W, Song JH, Han YK (2016) Understanding the effects of a multi-functionalized additive on the cathode–electrolyte interfacial stability of Ni-rich materials. J Power Sources 302:431–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hu M, Pang X, Zhou Z (2013) Recent progress in high-voltage lithium ion batteries. J Power Sources 237:229–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bae SY, Shin WK, Kim DW (2014) Protective organic additives for high voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode materials. Electrochim Acta 125:497–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wang Z, Dupré N, Lajaunie L, Moreau P, Martin JF, Boutafa L, Patoux S, Guyomard D (2012) Effect of glutaric anhydride additive on the LiNi0.4Mn1.6O4 electrode/electrolyte interface evolution: a MAS NMR and TEM/EELS study. J Power Sources 215(5):170–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yan G, Li X, Wang Z, Guo H, Xiong X (2014) Beneficial effects of 1-propylphosphonic acid cyclic anhydride as an electrolyte additive on the electrochemical properties of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode material. J Power Sources 263:231–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    He M, Hu L, Xue Z, Su CC, Redfern P, Curtiss LA, Polzin B, Cresce AV, Xu K, Zhang Z (2015) Fluorinated electrolytes for 5-V li-ion chemistry: probing voltage stability of electrolytes with electrochemical floating test. J Electrochem Soc 162:A1725–A1729CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Luo Y, Lu T, Zhang Y, Yan L, Xie J, Mao SS (2016) Enhanced electrochemical performance of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode using an electrolyte with 3-(1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy)-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoropropane. J Power Sources 323:134–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Xu C, Lindgren F, Philippe B, Gorgoi M, Björefors F, Edström K, Gustafsson T (2015) Improved performance of the silicon anode for Li-ion batteries: understanding the surface modification mechanism of fluoroethylene carbonate as an effective electrolyte additive. Chem Mater 27:2591–2599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Liao L, Cheng X, Ma Y, Zuo P, Fang W, Yin G, Gao Y (2013) Fluoroethylene carbonate as electrolyte additive to improve low temperature performance of LiFePO4 electrode. Electrochim Acta 87:466–472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Qian Y, Niehoff P, Börner M, Grützke M, Mönnighoff X, Behrends P, Nowak S, Winter M, Schappacher FM (2016) Influence of electrolyte additives on the cathode electrolyte interphase (CEI) formation on LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 in half cells with Li metal counter electrode. J Power Sources 329:31–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Park Y, Shin SH, Hwang H, Lee SM, Kim SP, Choi HC, Jung YM (2014) Investigation of solid electrolyte interface (SEI) film on LiCoO2 cathode in fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC)-containing electrolyte by 2D correlation X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). J Mol Struct 1069:157–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Im J, Lee J, Ryou M, Lee YM, Cho K (2017) Fluorinated carbonate-based electrolyte for high-voltage Li(Ni0.5Mn0.3Co0.2)O2/graphite Lithium-ion battery. J Electrochem Soc 164:A6381–A6385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wang L, Ma Y, Qu Y, Cheng X, Zuo P, Du C, Gao Y, Yin G (2016) Influence of fluoroethylene carbonate as co-solvent on the high-voltage performance of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 cathode for lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 191:8–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Tu W, Xia P, Li J, Zeng L, Xu M, Xing L, Zhang L, Yu L, Fan W, Li W (2016) Terthiophene as electrolyte additive for stabilizing lithium nickel manganese oxide cathode for high energy density lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 208:251–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Yu Q, Chen Z, Xing L, Chen D, Rong H, Liu Q, Li W (2015) Enhanced high voltage performances of layered lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide cathode by using trimethylboroxine as electrolyte additive. Electrochim Acta 176:919–925CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Deng B, Wang H, Ge W, Li X, Yan X, Chen T, Qu M, Peng G (2017) Investigating the influence of high temperatures on the cycling stability of a LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 cathode using an innovative electrolyte additive. Electrochim Acta 236:61–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ge W, Wang H, Xie Z, Li X, Qu M, Peng G (2017) Amorphous 0.035Li2O-BPO4 coating for enhanced electrochemical performance of Li[Ni0.5Co0.2Mn0.3]O2 cathode material. J Alloys Compd 693:606–614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Andersson AM, Abraham DP, Haasch R, Maclaren S, Liu J, Amine K (2002) Surface characterization of electrodes from high power lithium-ion batteries. J Electrochem Soc 149:A1358–A1369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Lux SF, Lucas IT, Pollak E, Passerini S, Winter M, Kostecki R (2012) The mechanism of HF formation in LiPF6 based organic carbonate electrolytes. Electrochem Commun 14:47–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lina Wang
    • 1
  • Suqin Liu
    • 1
  • Kuangmin Zhao
    • 1
  • Jinchao Li
    • 1
  • Yuliang Yang
    • 1
  • Guofeng Jia
    • 1
  1. 1.Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Efficient and Clean Utilization of Manganese Resources, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Chemical Power Sources, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations