Ionics

pp 1–7 | Cite as

Dye-sensitized solar cell utilizing silver-reduced graphene oxide film counter electrode: effect of silver content on its performance

Original Paper
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

This paper reports the use of silver-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) films as counter electrode in a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC). The effect of silver content in terms of silver nitrate (AgNO3) concentration on the properties of rGO and photovoltaic parameters of the device has been investigated. The samples are crystalline with the existence of GO and silver phases. The samples comprise of conductive and non-conductive region represented by white strip and dark region, respectively. The optical transmission varies with the AgNO3 concentration. It was found that the short-circuit current density (JSC) increases with the AgNO3 concentration until the optimum concentration of 0.2 M. The DSSC utilizing the sample prepared using 0.20 M AgNO3 demonstrated the highest JSC and η of 2.583 mA cm−2 and 0.428%, respectively, due to the smallest bulk resistance and charge-transfer resistance at the interface of electrolyte/silver-doped rGO counter electrode.

Keywords

Counter electrode Dye-sensitized solar cell Silver-doped-reduced graphene oxide 

References

  1. 1.
    Yun S, Wang L, Zhao C, Wang Y, Ma T (2013) A new type of low-cost counter electrode catalyst based on platinum nanoparticles loaded onto silicon carbide (Pt/SiC) for dye-sensitized solar cells. Phys Chem Chem Phys 15:4286–4290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yun S, Hagfeldt A, Ma T (2014) Superior catalytic activity of sub-5 μm-thick Pt/SiC films as counter electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells. ChemCatChem 6:1584–1588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Huang Z, Liu X, Li K, Li D, Luo Y, Hong Li W, Song L, Chen QM (2007) Application of carbon materials as counter electrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells. Electrochem Commun 9:596–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Zhu, H. Zeng, V. Subramanian, C. Masarapu, K-H. Hung, B. Wei (2008) Anthocyanin-sensitized solar cells using carbon nanotube films as counter electrodes. Nanotech 19 pp. 465204 5 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nam JG, Park YJ, Kim BS, Lee JS (2010) Enhancement of the efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cell by utilizing carbon nanotube counter electrode. Scripta Mater 62:148–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zang T, Liu Y, Yun S (2015) Recent advances in counter electrodes for thiolate-mediated dye-sensitized solar cells. Israel J Chem 55:943–954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Yun, Y. Liu, T. Zhang, S. Ahmad (2015) Recent advances in alternative counter electrode materials for Co-mediated dye-sensitized solar cells. Nanoscale 7 11877–11893Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yun S, Freitas JN, Nogueira AF, Wang Y, Ahmad S (2016) Dye-sensitized solar cells employing polymers. Prog Poly Sci 59:1–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Roy-Mayhew JD, Bozym DJ, Punckt C, Aksay IA (2010) Functionalized Graphene as a Catalytic Counter Electrode in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. ACS Nano 4:6203–6211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhang DW, Li XD, Li HB, Chen S, Sun Z, Yin XJ, Huang SM (2011) Graphene-based counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells. Carbon 49:5382–5388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Wang, K. Sun, F. Tao, D. J. Stacchiola, Y.H. Hu (2013) Honeycomb-Like Structured Graphene and Its High Efficiency as a Counter-Electrode Catalyst for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Angew Chem Int Ed 52, 9210–9214Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. Kavan (2014) Exploiting Nanocarbons in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Top Curr Chem 348 53–94Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kavan L, Yum J-H, Grätzel M (2014) Graphene-based cathodes for liquid-junction dye sensitized solar cells: electrocatalytic and mass transport effects. Electrochim Acta 128:349–359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Janani M, Srikrishnarka P, Nair SV, Nair AS (2015) An in-depth review on the role of carbon nanostructures in dye-sensitized solar cells. J Mater Chem A 3:17914–17938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. Kavan, P. Liska, S.M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel Electrochim (2016) Low-temperature Fabrication of Highly-Efficient, Optically-Transparent (FTO-free) Graphene Cathode for Co-Mediated Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells with Acetonitrile-free Electrolyte Solution. Acta 195 34–42Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.Y.A. Rahman, A.S. Sulaiman, A.A. Umar, M.M. Salleh, J. Mater (2017) Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) utilizing reduced graphene oxide (RGO) films counter electrode: effect of graphene oxide (GO) content. Sci: Mater Electron 28 1674–1678Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yu S, Hagfeldt A, Ma T (2014) Pt-Free Counter Electrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells with High Efficiency. Adv Mater 26:6210–6237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Xue Y, Liu J, Chen H, Wang R, Li D, Qu J, Dai L (2012) Nitrogen-doped graphene foams as metal-free counter electrodes in high-performance dye-sensitized solar cells. Angew Chem Int Ed 51:12124–12127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M.J. Ju, J.C. Kim, H.-J. Choi, I.T. Choi, S.G. Kim, K. Lim, J. Ko, J.-J. Lee, I.-Y. Jeon, J.-B. Baek, H. K. Kim, ACS Nano 6 (2013) N-Doped Graphene Nanoplatelets as Superior Metal-Free Counter Electrodes for Organic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. 5243–5250Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang Z, Li P, Chen Y, He J, Liu J, Zhang W, Li Y (2014) Phosphorus-doped reduced graphene oxide as an electrocatalyst counter electrode in dye-sensitized solar cells. J Power Sources 263:246–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.I. Ali Umar, C.C. Yap, R. Awang, M. Hj Jumali, M. Mat Salleh, M. Yahaya (2013) Characterization of multilayer graphene prepared from short time processed graphite oxide flake. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 24 1282–1286Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kaniyoor A, Baby TT, Arockiadoss T, Rajalakshmi N, Ramaprabhu S (2011) Wrinkled graphenes: a study on the effects of synthesis parameters on exfoliation-reduction of graphite oxide. J Phys Chem C 115:17660–17669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tran MH, Jeong HK (2015) Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles doped reduced graphene oxide. Chem Phys Lett 630:80–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Soo LT, Loh KS, Mohamad AB, Daud WRW, Wong WY (2016) Synthesis of silver/nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide through a one-step thermal solid-state reaction for oxygen reduction in an alkaline medium. J Power Sources 324:412–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Z. Hu, H. Gao, H. Guoxin (2011) Solution-based synthesis and characterization of a silver nanoparticle–graphene hybrid film. Carbon 49 4731–4738Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    W. Ouyang, D. Zeng, X. Yu, F. Xie, W. Zhang, J. Chen, J. Yan, F. Xie, L. Wang, H. Meng (2014) Int J Hydrog Energy 39 15996–16005Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Tajabadi M, Basirun W, Lorestani F, Zakaria R, Baradaran S, Amin Y, Mahmoudian M, Rezayi M, Sookhakian M (2015) Nitrogen-doped graphene-silver nanodendrites for the non-enzymatic detection of hydrogen peroxide. Electrochim Acta 151:126–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Dubey SP, Nguyen TTM, Kwon YN, Lee C (2015) Synthesis and characterization of metal-doped reduced graphene oxide composites, and their application in removal of Escherichia coli, arsenic and 4-nitrophenol. J Indus Eng Chem 29:282–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Yun S, Zhou H, Wang L, Zhang H, Ma T (2013) Economical hafnium oxygen nitride binary/ternary nanocomposite counter electrode catalysts for high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells. J Mater Chem A 1:1341–1348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Y. Liu, S. Yun, X. Zhou, Y. Hou, T. Zhang, A. Intrinsic Origin of Superior Catalytic Properties of Tungstenbased Catalysts in Dye-sensitized Solar Cells. Hagfeldt Electrochim Acta 10 (242) 390–399Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhang T, Yun S, Li X, Huang X, Hou Y, Liu Y, Li J, Zhou X, Fang W (2017) Fabrication of niobium-based oxides/oxynitrides/nitrides and their applications in dye-sensitized solar cells and anaerobic digestion. J Power Sources 340:325–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Yun S, Wang L, Guo W, Ma T (2012) Non-Pt counter electrode catalysts using tantalum oxide for low-cost dye-sensitized solar cells. Electrochem Commun 24:69–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S. Yun, P.D. Lund, A. Hinsch (2015) Stability assessment of alternative platinum free counter electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells. Energy Environ Sci. 8 3495–3514Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. Yun, H. Zhang, H. Pu, J. Chen, A. Hagfeldt, T. Ma (2013) Metal Oxide/Carbide/Carbon Nanocomposites: In Situ Synthesis, Characterization, Calculation, and their Application as an Efficient Counter Electrode Catalyst for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Adv Energy Mater 3 1407–1412Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Yun S, Pu H, Chen J, Hagfeldt A (2014) Enhanced performance of supported HfO2 counter electrodes for redox couples used in dye-sensitized solar cells. T MaChemSusChem 7:442–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Yun S, Wu M, Wang Y, Shi J, Lin X, Hagfeldt A, Ma T (2013) Pt-like Behavior of High-Performance Counter Electrodes Prepared from Binary Tantalum Compounds Showing High Electrocatalytic Activity for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. ChemSusChem 6:411–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Li J, Yun S, Zhou X, Hou Y, Fang W, Zhang T, Liu Y (2018) Incorporating transition metals (Ta/Co) into nitrogen-doped carbon as counter electrode catalysts for dye-sensitized solar cells. Carbon 126:145–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Yun S, Hagfeldt A, Ma T (2014) Pt-Free counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells with high efficiency. Adv Mater 26:6210–6237CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Microengineering and Nanoelectronics (IMEN)Universiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia

Personalised recommendations