, Volume 24, Issue 10, pp 3249–3257 | Cite as

Binding energy, structural, and dielectric properties of thin film of poly(aniline-co-m-fluoroaniline)

  • Umesh S. WawareEmail author
  • A. M. S. Hamouda
  • Mohd RashidEmail author
  • Peter Kasak
Original Paper


Semi-transparent and conducting thin film of poly(aniline-co-m-fluoroaniline) has been synthesized by a conventional oxidative copolymerization method using an aqueous solution of aniline, m-fluoroanilne as the monomers and ammonium persulfate as an oxidizing agent. The binding energy and crystalline behavior of copolymer have been characterized by XPS and XRD studies, respectively. The morphological and surface profile characterization has been performed by atomic force microscopy (AFM), and the thickness of the thin film (50–100 nm) has been studied by transmission electron microscope (TEM). An electrical AC conductivity of the copolymers has been measured in the low- and high-frequency regime. The permittivity of copolymer PA-co-m-FA50 has a higher value than polyaniline in the high-frequency regime and decreases with the increase of frequency. The composition of each copolymer has been confirmed by binding energies of C-C, C-N, and C-F in the XPS study. The dielectric behavior of PA-co-m-FA50 copolymer has been recorded in low- and high-frequency regime.


Polyfluoroaniline Permittivity Particle size XPS Binding energy XRD AFM TEM 



The authors are thankful to the Qatar University and the Department of Chemistry, Aligarh College of Education, for providing necessary research facilities.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringQatar UniversityDohaQatar
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryAligarh College of EducationAligarhIndia
  3. 3.Center of Advanced MaterialsQatar UniversityDohaQatar

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