, Volume 24, Issue 10, pp 3155–3165 | Cite as

Zinc oxide nanofiller-based composite polymer gel electrolyte for application in EDLCs

  • Mukta Tripathi
  • Anuj KumarEmail author
Original Paper


A ZnO nanofiller-based polymer gel electrolyte was prepared using solution-cast technique by incorporating PVDF-HFP as the polymer, ethylene carbonate (EC)-propylene carbonate (PC) as plasticizers, tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TEABF4) as salt, and ZnO as nanofiller. A maximum ionic conductivity value 6.3 × 10−3 Scm−1 was obtained by adding 12 wt% of ZnO nanoparticles in complex [{PVDF-HFP (20 wt%) + {EC-PC (v/v)-TEABF4 (1.0 M)} (80 wt%)}]. From the temperature-dependent conductivity plot, the activation energy is found to be equal to Ea ~ 0.07 eV. The amorphous structure is confirmed by SEM and XRD analysis. Electrochemical potential window and ionic transference number were calculated and found to be equal to ~3.3 V and 0.84, respectively. Optimized NCPGE is utilized in the fabrication of the electrical double-layer capacitor (EDLC) cell using market parched activated charcoal as electrode material. The specific capacitance of the fabricated EDLC cell is found to be equal to 162.9 mFcm−1 and ~ 67.8 Fg−1 for the single-electrode system.


Nanocomposite polymer gel electrolyte Potential window Nanoparticles Electrical double-layer capacitor (EDLC) 



The authors would like to thank Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, Guna (MP), for providing experimental facility and Prof. D K Rai, JIIT, Noida (UP), for characterization facility. Financial support to Mukta Tripathi from Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, Guna (MP), is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jaypee University of Engineering and TechnologyGunaIndia

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