, Volume 23, Issue 12, pp 3555–3564 | Cite as

Adapting the ionic transfer behavior of cation exchange membrane incorporated with SiO2/PAA composite nanoparticles

  • M. Nemati
  • S. M. HosseiniEmail author
Original Paper


In this study, silicon dioxide nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) were functionalized by polyacrylic acid (PAA) then used as the modifier agent in polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-based heterogeneous cation exchange membranes (CEMs). FTIR technique and SEM images were employed to characterize the synthesized SiO2/PAA. All the experiments were carried out at ambient condition. According to the experiments, CEMs modified by SiO2/PAA have more hydrophilic and smoother surface. Membrane water content reduced from 32.2% for the base membrane to 20.1% for modified membrane containing 4.0%wt SiO2/PAA. Modified CEMs showed an improved potential, transport number, selectivity, and electrical conductivity. The selectivity of modified membrane (containing 0.5%wt SiO2/PAA) is 87.3%, and its electrical conductivity is about 37% less than the base membrane. The mechanical stability of prepared membranes was also improved about 25.4%. Moreover, sodium flux increased sharply (21%) loading 0.5%wt NPs in the structure and then reduced by more SiO2/PAA concentration. In addition, membrane ionic flux decreased obviously for bivalent ions by using SiO2/PAA nanoparticles. The prepared membranes showed higher permeability/flux for monovalent ions compared to bivalent type.


Heterogeneous cation exchange membrane SiO2/PAA composite nanoparticles Fabrication/electrochemical characterization Deionization 



The authors gratefully acknowledge Arak University for the financial support during this research.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringArak UniversityArakIran

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