, Volume 23, Issue 7, pp 1645–1653 | Cite as

Enhanced electrochemical performance of LiMnBO3 with conductive glassy phase: a prospective cathode material for lithium-ion battery

  • V. Ragupathi
  • M. Safiq
  • P. Panigrahi
  • T. Hussain
  • S. Raman
  • R. Ahuja
  • G. S. Nagarajan
Original Paper


LiMnBO3 has been identified as a promising cathode material for next-generation lithium-ion batteries. In this study, LiMnBO3 along with glassy lithium borate material (LiMnBO3 (II)) is synthesized by sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis depicts the existence of LiBO2 glassy phase along with m-LiMnBO3 phase. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis confirms the presence of LiBO2 glassy phase. An enhanced electrical conductivity of 3.64 × 10−7 S/cm is observed for LiMnBO3 (II). The LiBO2 glassy phase is found to promote the Li reaction kinetics in LiMnBO3 (II). The synthesized LiMnBO3 (II) delivers a first discharge capacity of 310 mAh g−1 within a potential window of 1.5–4.5 V at C/10 rate. Further, a discharge capacity of 186 mAh g−1 at the 27th cycle shows a better cycle performance. The enhanced capacity is due to the presence of LiBO2 glassy phase and more than one Li-ion transfer in the lithium-rich stoichiometry of LiMnBO3 (II). Density functional theory calculation reveals the exact electronic structure of m-LiMnBO3 with a band gap of 3.05 eV. A charge transfer mechanism is predicted for delithiation process of m-LiMnBO3.


Monoclinic LiMnBO3 Enhanced capacity Lithium borate Conductive glassy phase 



We would like to acknowledge research funds from the management of Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science through CENCON. The authors sincerely thanks D. Shanmukaraj Devaraj, CIC ENERGIGUNE for electrochemical characterization. NGS acknowledges support from Dongguk University through NITA. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2016952454). This work was also supported by National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (MEST) of Korea (Grant No. 2014-073957)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Ragupathi
    • 1
  • M. Safiq
    • 2
    • 3
  • P. Panigrahi
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. Hussain
    • 2
    • 3
  • S. Raman
    • 1
  • R. Ahuja
    • 2
    • 3
  • G. S. Nagarajan
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for Clean Energy and Nano ConvergenceHindustan Institute of Technology and ScienceChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Condensed Matter Theory Group, Materials Theory Division, Department of Physics and AstronomyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  3. 3.Applied Materials Physics, Departments of Materials and EngineeringRoyal Institute of Technology (KTH)StockholmSweden
  4. 4.Nano Information Technology Academy (NITA)Dongguk UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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