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Ionics

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 1137–1154 | Cite as

The effect of NH4NO3 towards the conductivity enhancement and electrical behavior in methyl cellulose-starch blend based ionic conductors

  • M. H. Hamsan
  • M. F. Shukur
  • M. F. Z. KadirEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Solid polymer electrolytes based on methyl cellulose (MC)-potato starch (PS) blend doped with ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) are prepared by solution cast technique. The interaction between the electrolyte’s materials is proven by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis. The thermal stability of the electrolytes is obtained from thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The room temperature conductivity of undoped 60 wt.% MC-40 wt.% PS blend film is identified to be (1.04 ± 0.19) × 10−11 S cm−1. The addition of 30 wt.% NH4NO3 to the polymer blend has optimized the room temperature conductivity to (4.37 ± 0.16) × 10−5 S cm−1. Conductivity trend is verified by X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dielectric analysis. Temperature-dependence of conductivity obeys Arrhenius rule. Conductivity is found to be influenced by the number density (n) and mobility (μ) of ions. From transference number measurements (TNM), ions are found to be the dominant charge carriers.

Keywords

Solid polymer electrolyte Methyl cellulose-potato starch blend Ammonium nitrate Ionic conductivity Dielectric 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the University of Malaya for the grant FP009-2015A awarded.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. H. Hamsan
    • 1
  • M. F. Shukur
    • 2
  • M. F. Z. Kadir
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Graduate StudiesUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Center for Foundation Studies in ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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