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Ionics

, Volume 22, Issue 12, pp 2263–2271 | Cite as

Urchin-like α-MnO2 formed by nanoneedles for high-performance lithium batteries

  • A. M. Hashem
  • A. E. Abdel-Ghany
  • R. El-Tawil
  • A. Bhaskar
  • B. Hunzinger
  • H. Ehrenberg
  • A. Mauger
  • C. M. JulienEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

MnO2 nanoneedles (NNs) were synthesized by sol-gel assisted by a redox reaction between ascorbic acid and KMnO4. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Raman, far-infrared spectroscopy, and magnetic measurements confirm the tunnel structure of the tetragonal α-MnO2 phase. The MnO2 NNs prepared by sol-gel at moderate temperature (T ≈ 350 °C) aggregate with an urchin-like morphology observed by scanning electron (SEM) and high-resolution transmission electron (TEM) microscopy. Electrochemical investigations show an outstanding initial specific capacity ca. 230 mAh g−1 and 45 % capacity retention at 100th cycle was obtained for these MnO2 nanoneedles.

Keywords

Manganese dioxide Nanoneedles Lithium batteries 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Dr. Björn Schwarz for his kind help in measuring the magnetic properties and Mr. René Veillette for his assistance in collecting the HRTEM images and the EDX spectrum. Financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) within the Research Collaborative Centre 595 on “Electrical Fatigue in Functional Materials” is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© European Union 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Hashem
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. E. Abdel-Ghany
    • 1
    • 3
  • R. El-Tawil
    • 1
  • A. Bhaskar
    • 2
  • B. Hunzinger
    • 2
  • H. Ehrenberg
    • 2
  • A. Mauger
    • 4
  • C. M. Julien
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.National Research Centre, Inorganic Chemistry DepartmentDokki-GizaEgypt
  2. 2.Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)Institute for Applied Materials-Energy Storage Systems (IAM- ESS)Eggenstein-LeopoldshafenGermany
  3. 3.Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, Physicochimie des Electrolytes et Nanosystèmes Interfaciaux (PHENIX)Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ.ParisFrance
  4. 4.Sorbonne UniversitésUPMC Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, Institut de Minéralogie et Physique de la Matière Condensée (IMPMC)Paris cedex 05France

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