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Ionics

, Volume 22, Issue 8, pp 1493–1500 | Cite as

Single crystalline 3C-SiC whiskers used for electrochemical detection of nitrite under neutral condition

  • Hao Dong
  • Zhi Fang
  • Tao Yang
  • Yaguang Yu
  • Dahang Wang
  • Kuo-Chih Chou
  • Xinmei HouEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

A new kind of nitrite sensor based on 3C-SiC whisker electrode was fabricated to electrochemically determine nitrite. Powder X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscope, and transmission electron microscopy reveal SiC whiskers are cubic single crystalline with some microtwins. The prepared SiC whisker electrode is examined for the electrochemical detection of nitrite under neutral condition using cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry techniques. The results demonstrate that SiC whisker electrode fast responses toward nitrite with a detection limit of 3.5 × 10−6 mol L−1, which is comparable to the values reported in the recent literatures. The synthesized electrode is also successfully applied to determine nitrite in tap water.

Keywords

SiC whisker electrode Nitrite Electrochemical detection Neutral condition 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors express their appreciation to National Nature Science Foundation of China of No. 51474141, New Century Excellent Talents in University (NECT-12-0779), and the National Science Fund for Excellent Young Scholars of China (No. 51522402) for financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Dong
    • 1
  • Zhi Fang
    • 1
  • Tao Yang
    • 1
  • Yaguang Yu
    • 1
  • Dahang Wang
    • 1
  • Kuo-Chih Chou
    • 1
  • Xinmei Hou
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced MetallurgyUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingChina

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