, Volume 21, Issue 5, pp 1201–1239 | Cite as

Lithium vanadium phosphate as cathode material for lithium ion batteries

  • Du Tao
  • Shengping WangEmail author
  • Yongchao Liu
  • Yu Dai
  • Jingxian Yu
  • Xinrong Lei


Lithium vanadium phosphate (Li3V2(PO4)3) has been extensively studied because of its application as a cathode material in rechargeable lithium ion batteries due to its attractive electrochemical properties, including high specific energy, high working voltage, good cycle stability, and low price. In this review, the preparation of technology, structure, Li+ insertion/extraction mechanism, and electrochemical properties of Li3V2(PO4)3 are introduced, and with particular focus on the relationship of these topics each other. The synthetic techniques of Li3V2(PO4)3, such as high-temperature solid-state method, sol–gel method, hydrothermal method, etc. And progress of techniques in modification, such as coating and elemental doping, is reviewed. Finally, the directions for further development and prospective applications for the material are proposed.


Lithium vanadium phosphate Synthetic methods Electrochemical properties Lithium ion batteries Cathode material 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21173198) and the Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province, China (2014CFA097).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Du Tao
    • 1
  • Shengping Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yongchao Liu
    • 1
  • Yu Dai
    • 1
  • Jingxian Yu
    • 2
  • Xinrong Lei
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Material Science and ChemistryChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP), School of Chemistry and PhysicsThe University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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