Advertisement

Ionics

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 1623–1630 | Cite as

Radioactive tracer application to study the thermodynamics of ion exchange reactions using Tulsion A-23 and Indion-454

  • Pravin SingareEmail author
Original Paper
  • 56 Downloads

Abstract

In the present investigation, short-lived radioisotopes were applied to study the thermodynamics of ion-isotopic exchange reactions using Tulsion A-23 (nuclear grade) and Indion-454 (non-nuclear grade) anion exchange resins. It was observed during the bromide ion-isotopic exchange reaction using Tulsion A-23 resins that the enthalpy and energy of activation values calculated were 6,831.1 and 9,412.6 J mol−1, respectively, which were less than the respective values of 7,277.9 and 9,859.4 J mol−1 obtained for the same reaction using Indion-454 resins. The identical trend was observed for the two resins during the iodide ion-isotopic exchange reaction. The thermodynamic data suggest that Tulsion A-23 resins were more efficient than Indion-454. This was further confirmed from the fact that under identical experimental conditions higher amount of ions were exchanged using Tulsion A-23 resins as compared to those using Indion-454 resins. The overall results reveal superior performance of Tulsion A-23 over Indion-454 resins under identical experimental conditions.

Keywords

Reaction thermodynamic Radio analytical technique Tracer isotopes Anion exchange resins Tulsion A-23 Indion-454 13182Br Nuclear grade resins Characterization 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is thankful to Professor Dr. R.S. Lokhande (Retired) for his valuable help and support by providing the required facilities so as to carry out the experimental work in Radiochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Mumbai, Vidyanagari, Mumbai -58.

References

  1. 1.
    Marhol M (1982) Comprehensive analytical chemistry. Ion Exchang XIV:117–160Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Samanta SK, Ramaswamy M, Misra BM (1992) Studies on cesium uptake by phenolic resins. Sep Sci Technol 27:255–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Samanta, S.K., Ramaswamy, M., Sen, P., Varadarajan, N., Singh, R.K., (1993) Removal of radiocesium from alkaline IL waste, Natl Symp. On Management of Radioactive and Toxic Wastes (SMART-93), Kalpakkam, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay 56–58Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Samanta SK, Theyyunni TK, Misra BM (1995) Column behavior of a resorcinol-formaldehyde polycondensate resin for radiocesium removal from simulated solution. J Nucl Sci Technol 32:425–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kulkarni, Y., Samanta, S.K., Bakre, S.Y., Raj, K., Kumra, M.S., (1996) Process for treatment of intermediate level radioactive waste based on radionuclide separation, Waste Management’96 (Proc. Int. Symp Tucson,AZ, 1996), Arizona Board of Regents, Phoenix, AZ (CD-ROM)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bray L.A., Elovich R.J., Carson K.J., (1990) Cesium recovery using Savannah River laboratory resorcinol-formaldehyde ion exchange resin, rep. PNL-7273, Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WAGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Singare PU, Lokhande RS, Madyal RS (2011) Thermal degradation studies of some strongly acidic cation exchange resins. Open J Phys Chem 1(2):45–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Singare PU, Lokhande RS, Madyal RS (2010) Thermal degradation studies of polystyrene sulfonic and polyacrylic carboxylic cationites. Rus J Gen Chem 80(3):527–532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tomoi M, Yamaguchi K, Ando R, Kantake Y, Aosaki Y, Kubota H (1997) Synthesis and thermal stability of novel anion exchange resins with spacer chains. J Appl Poly Sci 64(6):1161–1167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhu L, Liu Y, Chen J (2009) Synthesis of N-methylimidazolium functionalized strongly basic anion exchange resins for adsorption of Cr(VI). Ind Eng Chem Res 48(7):3261–3267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kumaresan R, Sabharwal KN, Srinivasan TG, Vasudeva Rao PR, Dhekane G (2006) Evaluation of new anion exchange resins for plutonium processing. Solv Extract Ion Exchan 24(4):589–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cortina JL, Warshawsky A, Kahana N, Kampel V, Sampaio CH, Kautzman RM (2003) Kinetics of goldcyanide extraction using ion-exchange resins containing piperazine functionality. React Funct Polym 54(1–3):25–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sood, D. D., (1998) Proc. Int. Conf. on Applications of radioisotopes and radiation in industrial development, ed. Sood, D. D., Reddy, A. V. R., Iyer, S. R. K., Gangadharan, S., Singh, G., (B.A.R.C., India) 35–53Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lokhande RS, Singare PU, Patil AB (2007) Application of radioactive tracer technique on industrial grade ion exchange resins Indion-830 (type-1) and Indion N-IP (type-2). Radiochim Acta 95(01):111–114Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lokhande RS, Singare PU, Patil VV (2008) Application of radioactive tracer technique to study the kinetics and mechanism of reversible ion- isotopic exchange reaction using strongly basic anion exchange resin Indion-850. Radiochemistry 50(06):638–641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lokhande RS, Singare PU, Prabhavalkar TS (2008) The application of the radioactive tracer technique to study the kinetics of bromide isotope exchange reaction with the participation of strongly basic anion exchange resin Indion FF-IP. Russ J Phys Chem A 82(9):1589–1595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lokhande RS, Singare PU, Tiwari SRD (2008) Study of bromide ion- isotopic exchange reaction kinetics using a weakly basic macro porous resin Indion-860. Radiochemistry 50(06):633–637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Singare PU, Lokhande RS (2012) Studies on ion-isotopic exchange reactions using nuclear grade ion exchange resins. Ionics 18(4):351–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lokhande RS, Singare PU (2008) Comparative study on iodide and bromide ion-isotopic exchange reactions by application of radioactive tracer technique. J Porous Mater 15(03):253–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Heumann KG, Baier K (1982) Chloride distribution coefficient on strongly basic anion- exchange resin: dependence on co-ion in alkali fluoride solutions. Chromatographia 15(11):701–703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Singare PU, Lokhande RS, Patil VV, Prabhavalkar TS, Tiwari SRD (2010) Study on distribution coefficient of bromide ions from aqueous solution on ion exchange resins Indion-850, Indion-860 and Indion FF-IP. Euro J Chem 1(1):47–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Adachi S, Mizuno T, Matsuno R (1995) Concentration dependence of the distribution coefficient of maltooligosaccharides on a cation-exchange resin. J Chromatogr A 708:177–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shuji A, Takcshi M, Ryuichi M (1996) Temperature dependence of the distribution coefficient of maltooligosaccharides on cation-exchange resin in Na+ form. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 60(2):338–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryBhavan’s CollegeAndheri (West) MumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations