, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 277–282 | Cite as

Structural, thermal and transport properties of \( {\text{B}}{{\text{i}}_4}{{\text{V}}_{2 - {\text{x}}}}{\text{G}}{{\text{a}}_{\text{x}}}{{\text{O}}_{11 - \delta }} \) (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4)

  • Ravi Kant
  • Kulvir Singh
  • O. P. Pandey
Original Paper


Solid electrolytes are mostly used in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). In the present study, gallium-substituted compounds (\( {\text{B}}{{\text{i}}_4}{{\text{V}}_{2 - {\text{x}}}}{\text{M}}{{\text{e}}_{\text{x}}}{{\text{O}}_{11 - \delta }} \); Me = Ga3+; 0≤x≤0.4) were prepared by solid-state reaction technique for its use as an electrolyte in SOFC. Structural and conductivity behavior was studied as a function of the Ga3+ substitution on vanadium site. The compounds remain in the orthorhombic α-phase for x = 0 and 0.1 whereas higher concentration of dopant leads to β-phase stabilization. The highest and lowest ionic conductivity were observed in x = 0.2 and x = 0.4 samples, respectively. The prepared samples were studied by using alternating current conductivity, differential thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction techniques. The results are discussed on the basis of formation of oxygen vacancy and its ordering.


Bismuth vanadate Solid electrolyte X-ray diffraction Ionic conductivity 



All India Council of Technical Education, New Delhi (India) is highly acknowledged for providing financial help.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Thapar UniversityPatialaIndia

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