Advertisement

Management International Review

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 249–265 | Cite as

Trends and Indications in International Business

Topics for Future Research
  • Michael R. Czinkota
  • Ilkka A. Ronkainen
Research Article

Abstract

  • Forecasting changes in business environments is critical for appropriate responses by policy makers and corporate decision makers. This article reports on a Delphi study which features three rounds of interchanges between experts on possible changes in the international business environment and practice in the next years.

  • Results indicate that terrorism and corruption issues have risen in importance while trade negotiations have declined. Corporate strategies are seen to need significant reform to deliver on the promise of globalization. As trends are becoming more multidimensional, regular solicitation of stakeholder perspectives becomes more important.

Keywords

International business trends Globalization Delphi method Trade policy International business research Corporate adjustment 

References

  1. Adam, K., Archbishop Defends Remarks on Islamic Law in Britain, Washington Post, February 12, 2008, p. A11.Google Scholar
  2. Akins, R. B./Tolson, H./Cole, B. R., Stability of Response Characteristics of a Delphi Panel: Application of Bootstrap Data Expansion, BMC Medical Research Methodology, 5, 3, 2005, pp. 1–12.Google Scholar
  3. Camillus, J. C., Strategy as a Wicked Problem, Harvard Business Review, 86, 5, 2008, pp. 98–106.Google Scholar
  4. Czinkota, M. R. International Trade and Business in the late 1980s: An Integrated U.S. Perspective, Journal of International Business Studies, 17, 1, 1986, pp. 127–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Czinkota, M. R./Ronkainen, I. A., Global Marketing 2000: A Marketing Survival Guide, Marketing Management, 1, 1, 1992, pp. 37–44.Google Scholar
  6. Czinkota, M. R./Ronkainen, I. A., International Business and Trade in the Next Decade: Report from a Delphi Study, Journal of International Business Studies, 28, 4, 1997, pp. 827–844.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Czinkota, M. R./Ronkainen I. A., A Forecast of Globalization, International Business and Trade: Report from a Delphi Study, Journal of World Business, 40, 2, 2005, pp. 111–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Delbecq, A./Van De Ven, A. H./Gustafson, D. H., Group Techniques for Program Planning , Glenview: Scott Foresman 1975.Google Scholar
  9. Duboff, R. S., The Wisdom of (Expert) Crowds, Harvard Business Review, 85, 9, 2007, p. 28.Google Scholar
  10. Dunning, J. H., Perspectives on International Business Research: A Professional Autobiography, Journal of International Business Studies, 33, 4, 2002, pp. 817–835.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fraunhofer Institut. Second German Delphi Study, 1998, http://www.isi.fhg.de. Google Scholar
  12. Gleason, T. C./Devlin, S. J./Brown M., In Search of the Optimum Scale, Marketing Research, 6, 4, 1994, pp. 28–34.Google Scholar
  13. Green, K. C./Armstrong, C. S., Structured Analogies for Forecasting, International Journal of Forecasting, 23, 3, 2007, pp. 265–376.Google Scholar
  14. Harzing, A.-W., Journal Quality List, 14th Edition, University of Melbourne 2006.Google Scholar
  15. Marcovitch, J., Trends in International Business Thought and Literature: Global Change: Challenges for Business and Society: Some Thoughts for the Next Millennium, International Executive, 39, 4, 1997, pp. 519–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. McCool, J. D., Scouting Emerging Business Trends, Business Week, May 7, 2008, Google Scholar
  17. http://www.businessweek.com/managing/content/may2008/ca2008057_786245.htm (accessed May 20, 2008).Google Scholar
  18. McKinsey & Company, How Companies Act on Global Trends, McKinsey Quarterly, March, 2008.Google Scholar
  19. http://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Strategy/Globalization/How_companies_act_on_global_trends_A_McKinsey_Global_Survey_2130 (accessed May 20, 2008).Google Scholar
  20. McKinsey & Company, An Executive Take on the Top Business Trends, McKinsey Quarterly, March, 2006.Google Scholar
  21. http://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/An_executive_take_on_the_top_business_trends__AMcKinsey_Global_Survey_1754 (accessed May 20, 2008).Google Scholar
  22. Moore, M. U. N., Body Endorses Cultural Protectionism, Washington Post, October 21, 2008, p. A14.Google Scholar
  23. Nielsen, C./Thangadurai M., Janus and the Delphi Oracle: Entering the New World of International Business, Journal of International Management, 13, 2, 2007, p. 3. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pino, A., MSB Hosts Panel of Dignitaries on Competitiveness in Latin America, McDonough School of Business, Georgetown University, Dec. 4, 2007.Google Scholar
  25. Sprott, D. E./Miyazaki, A. D., Two Decades of Contributions to Marketing and Public Policy: An Analysis of Research, Journal of Public Policy and Marketing, 21, 1, 2002, pp. 105–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Taleb, N. N., The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable, New York: Random House 2007.Google Scholar
  27. Tse, E./Cainey, A./Haddock, R., Evolution on the Global Stage: Leading Ideas On Line, October 9, 2007, available at http://www.strategy-business.com/li/leadingideas/li00046?pg=all (accessed May 22, 2008).Google Scholar
  28. Werner, S./Brouthers, L. E., How International is Management, Journal of International Business Studies, 33, 3, 2002, pp. 583–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Gabler-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael R. Czinkota
    • 1
  • Ilkka A. Ronkainen
    • 1
  1. 1.McDonough School of BusinessGeorgetown UniversityWashington, D.C.USA

Personalised recommendations