Management International Review

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 319–347

The effect of context-related moderators on the internationalization-performance relationship: Evidence from meta-analysis

  • Andreas Bausch
  • Mario Krist

DOI: 10.1007/s11575-007-0019-z

Cite this article as:
Bausch, A. & Krist, M. MANAGE. INT. REV. (2007) 47: 319. doi:10.1007/s11575-007-0019-z


Abstract and Key Results

  • After thirty years of research on the relationship between internationalization and firm performance, findings on direction and magnitude are still contradictory. This paper quantitatively reviews prior research in an attempt to reconcile the fragmented results.

  • We address the question if and how internationalization relates to firm performance by integrating findings from 36 studies (41 samples, N = 7,792) using the method of meta-analysis.

  • We find empirical support for a significant positive relationship at the aggregate level. Equally important, meta-analysis reveals that the relationship is moderated by R&D intensity, product diversification, country of origin, and firm age and size.

Key Words

Internationalization Firm Performance Meta-Analysis Contextual Moderators 

Copyright information

© Gabler Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Bausch
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mario Krist
    • 2
  1. 1.Business Administration and International ManagementFriedrich Schiller University JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Strategic Management and ControllingInternational University BremenBremenGermany

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