Advertisement

Journal of Business Economics

, Volume 89, Issue 3, pp 273–290 | Cite as

You get what you ‘pay’ for: academic attention, career incentives and changes in publication portfolios of business and economics researchers

  • Adam Ayaita
  • Kerstin Pull
  • Uschi Backes-GellnerEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Since the 1990s, research on publication outputs in business and economics has almost exclusively focused on journal articles. While earlier work has shown that journal articles and other publications were indeed complements in the 70s and 80s, we find that this is no longer the case when we include the most recent decades. Apparently, the notable shift in the scientific community’s attention in the 90s on journal articles and the corresponding incentives towards publications in internationally highly ranked journals on average led researchers to focus one-sidedly on journal publications at the expense of other publication forms. To see whether the aggregate result also holds for individual researchers, we perform a cluster analysis and find four different types of individual researchers: “Journal Specialists”, “Book-Based Publishers”, a small group of “Highly Productive All-round Publishers” and a large group of what we call “Inconspicuous” researchers, with a very modest publication productivity in all forms. In addition, we find that researchers’ age matters for their publication patterns: in our sample, more experienced researchers are less productive with respect to journal articles, but more productive with respect to other publication forms. This, however, is not the result of an individual career effect. Rather, it can be attributed to a cohort effect: among today’s active researchers, the younger cohorts are more productive in journal articles than the older ones. Our explanation is as follows: the younger cohorts were still in their socialization and hiring phase and were more strongly affected by the newly introduced incentives towards international journal publications—and have thus reacted more strongly to the “regime change” resulting from the scientific community’s one-sided attention to publications in internationally highly ranked journals.

Keywords

Research productivity Publication forms Journal articles 

JEL Classification

A14 I23 J24 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF-program “Wissenschaftsökonomie”, Grant number: 01PW11008). The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research had no impact on study design, collection, analysis or interpretation of the data or the writing of the manuscript. We thank Alessandra Lehmann who supported the data collection. For many valuable comments and suggestions we thank participants of the Annual Conference of the Division on Higher Education Studies (Kommission Hochschulmanagement) in the German Academic Association for Business Research (VHB), the 18th Colloquium on Personnel Economics and the Annual Meeting of the Economics of Education Session (Bildungsökonomischer Ausschuss) of the German Economic Association (VfS). We also thank two anonymous referees. Of course, any remaining mistakes are our responsibility.

References

  1. Association European Economic (ed) (2003) Symposium on evaluating economics research in Europe. MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  2. Backes-Gellner U (1989) Ökonomie der Hochschulforschung: Organisationstheoretische Überlegungen und betriebswirtschaftliche Befunde. Gabler, WiesbadenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Backes-Gellner U, Zanders E (1989) Lehre und Forschung als Verbundproduktion. Zeitschrift für Betriebswirtschaft 59(3):271–290Google Scholar
  4. Bommer R, Ursprung HW (1997) Spieglein, Spieglein …: Eine publikationsanalytische Erfassung der Forschungsleistungen volkswirtschaftlicher Fachbereiche in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, Working Paper, Sonderforschungsbereich 178 “Internationalisierung der Wirtschaft”, Universität KonstanzGoogle Scholar
  5. Breusch TS, Pagan AR (1979) A simple test for heteroscedasticity and random coefficient variation. Econometrica 47(5):1287–1294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Caliński T, Harabasz J (1974) A dendrite method for cluster analysis. Commun Stat 3(1):1–27. doi: 10.1080/03610927408827101 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Combes P-P, Linnemer L (2003) Where are the economists who publish? Publication concentration and rankings in Europe based on cumulative publications. J Eur Econ Assoc 1(6):1250–1308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cook RD, Weisberg S (1983) Diagnostics for heteroscedasticity in regression. Biometrika 70(1):1–10. doi: 10.2307/2335938 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Davis JC, Patterson DM (2001) Determinants of variations in journal publication rates of economists. Am Econ 45(1):86–91Google Scholar
  10. De Boer H, Enders J, Schimank U (2007) On the way towards new public management? The governance of university systems in England, the Netherlands, Austria, and Germany. In: Jansen D (ed) New forms of governance in research organizations: disciplinary approaches, interfaces and integration. Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, pp 137–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fabel O, Heße F (1999) Befragungsstudie vs. Publikationsanalyse: Zur Interpretation von Ranglisten der Forschungsaktivitäten deutscher betriebswirtschaftlicher Fachbereiche. Die Betriebswirtschaft 59(2):196–204Google Scholar
  12. Fabel O, Hein M, Hofmeister R (2008) Research productivity in business economics: an investigation of Austrian, German and Swiss Universities. Germ Econ Rev 9(4):506–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fox MF (1992) Research, teaching, and publication productivity: mutuality versus competition in Academia. Sociol Educ 65(4):293–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Goodwin TH, Sauer RD (1995) Life cycle productivity in academic research: evidence from cumulative publication histories of academic economists. South Econ J 61(3):728–743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hicks D (2004) The four literatures of social science. In: Moed HF, Glänzel W, Schmoch U (eds) Handbook of quantitative science and technology research: the use of publication and patent statistics in studies of S&T systems. Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, pp 473–496Google Scholar
  16. Hicks D, Potter J (1991) Sociology of scientific knowledge: a reflexive citation analysis or science disciplines and disciplining science. Soc Stud Sci 21:459–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Joecks J, Pull K, Backes-Gellner U (2014) Childbearing and (female) research productivity: a personnel economics perspective on the leaky pipeline. J Bus Econ 84(4):517–530. doi: 10.1007/s11573-013-0676-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Krapf M (2011) Research evaluation and journal quality weights: much ado about nothing. Zeitschrift für Betriebswirtschaft 81(1):5–27. doi: 10.1007/s11573-010-0424-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Levin SG, Stephan PE (1991) Research productivity over the life cycle: evidence for academic scientists. Am Econ Rev 81(1):114–132Google Scholar
  20. Lotka AJ (1926) The frequency distribution of scientific productivity. J Wash Acad Sci 16:317–323Google Scholar
  21. Nederhof AJ, Zwaan RA, De Bruin RE, Dekker PJ (1989) Assessing the usefulness of bibliometric indicators for the humanities and the social and behavioural sciences: a comparative study. Scientometrics 15(5–6):423–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Osterloh M, Frey BS (2009) Are more and better indicators the solution? Scand J Manag 25(2):225–227. doi: 10.1016/j.scaman.2009.03.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pommerehne WW (1986) Die Reputation wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Fachzeitschriften: Ergebnisse einer Befragung deutscher Ökonomen. Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik 201(3):280–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rabovsky Thomas M (2014) Using data to manage for performance at public universities. Public Admin Rev 74(2):260–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rauber M, Ursprung HW (2008) Life cycle and cohort productivity in economic research: the case of Germany. Germ Econ Rev 9(4):431–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rost K, Frey BS (2011) Quantitative and qualitative rankings of scholars. Schmalenbach Bus Rev 63(1):63–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sinatra R, Wang D, Deville P, Song C, Barabási A-L (2016) Quantifying the evolution of individual scientific impact. Science. doi: 10.1126/science.aaf5239 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Taylor J (2001) The impact of performance indicators on the work of university academics: evidence from Australian Universities. High Educ Q 55(1):42–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam Ayaita
    • 1
  • Kerstin Pull
    • 1
  • Uschi Backes-Gellner
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.University of Tuebingen and LEAD Graduate School & Research NetworkTuebingenGermany
  2. 2.Insitute for Business Administration, University of ZurichZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations