Criminal Law and Philosophy

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 57–78 | Cite as

European criminal law and European identity

Original Paper

Abstract

This contribution aims to explain how European Criminal Law can be understood as constitutive of European identity. Instead of starting from European identity as a given, it provides a philosophical analysis of the construction of self-identity in relation to criminal law and legal tradition. The argument will be that the self-identity of those that share jurisdiction depends on and nourishes the legal tradition they adhere to and develop, while criminal jurisdiction is of crucial importance in this process of mutual constitution. This analysis will be complemented with a discussion of the integration of the first and the third pillar as aimed for by the Constitutional Treaty (TE), which would bring criminal law under majority rule and European democratic control. Attention will be paid to two ground breaking judgements of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) that seem to boil down to the fact that the Court actually manages to achieve some of the objectives of the CT even if this is not in force. This gives rise to a discussion of how the CT (and related judgements of the ECJ) may transform European criminal law in the Union to EU criminal law of the Union, thus producing an identity of the Union next to the identities prevalent in the Union. The contribution concludes with some normative questions about the kind of European identity we should aim to establish, given the fact that such identity will arise with further integration of criminal law into the first pillar.

Keywords

European criminal law European identity Legal tradition Jurisdiction Sovereignty Constitutional Treaty EU 

References

  1. Alegre, S., & Leaf, M. (2004). Mutual recognition in European judicial cooperation: A step too far too soon? Case study – the European arrest warrant. European Law Journal, 10(2), 200–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amstutz, M. (2005). In-between worlds. Marleasing and the emergence of interlegality in legal reasoning. European Law Journal, 11(6), 766–784.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. de Búrca, G. (2005). The EU constitution: In search of Europe’s international identity (Fourth Walter van Gerven Lecture). Leuven Maastricht: Europa Law Publishing.Google Scholar
  4. Buruma, Y. (2002). Federaal Europa en het strafrecht. Delikt en Delinkwent, 32, 657–672.Google Scholar
  5. Castillo Garcia, J. F. (2005). The power of the European community to impose criminal penalties. EIPASCOPE, 3, 27–35.Google Scholar
  6. Delmas-Marty, M. (1998). The European union and penal law. European Law Journal, 4(1), 87–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Glenn, H. P. (2004a). Legal traditions of the world. Sustainable diversity in law (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Glenn, H. P. (2004b). Legal cultures and legal traditions. In M. Van Hoecke (Ed.), Epistemology and methodology of comparative law (pp. 7–21). Oxford: Hart.Google Scholar
  9. Glock, H. -J. (1999). A Wittgenstein dictionary. Oxford: Blackwell, p. 168.Google Scholar
  10. Geertz, C. (1983). Local knowledge: Fact and law in comparative perspective. In C. Geertz (Ed.), Local knowledge. Further essays in interpretive anthropology. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  11. Guild, E. (2004). Crime and the EU’s constitutional future in an area of freedom, security and justice. European Law Journal, 10, 218–234.Google Scholar
  12. Halpin, A. (2006). Glenn’s legal traditions of the world. Some broader philosophical issues. Journal of Comparative Law, 1, 116–122.Google Scholar
  13. Hildebrandt, M. (2002) Straf(begrip) en procesbeginsel. Een onderzoek naar de betekenis van straf en strafbegrip en naar de waarde van het procesbeginsel. Deventer: Kluwer/Sanders Instituut.Google Scholar
  14. Hildebrandt, M. (2006a). Privacy and identity. In E. Claes, A. Duff, & S. Gutwirth (Eds.), Privacy and the criminal law. Antwerp, Oxford: Intersentia.Google Scholar
  15. Hildebrandt, M. (2006b). Trial and ‘fair trial’: from peer to subject to citizen. In A. Duff, L. Farmer, S. Marshall, & V. Tadros (Eds.), The trial on trial II. Judgement and calling to account. London: Hart.Google Scholar
  16. Hildebrandt, M. (2006c). Testing expertise: preuve and épreuve. Buffalo Criminal Law Review, Fall issue.Google Scholar
  17. Jansen, T. (Ed.) (1999). Reflections on European identity. Working Paper Forward Studies Unit. Brussels: European Commission.Google Scholar
  18. Klip, A. H. (2004). Criminal law in the European union. Deventer: Kluwer, pp. 61–62.Google Scholar
  19. Kymlicka, W. (1995). Multicultural citizenship: A liberal theory of minority rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Latour, B. (2005). Un autre préambule pour le traité constitutionnel européen. Le Monde, 21st October 2005.Google Scholar
  21. Lindahl, H. (2003). Acquiring a community: The acquis and the institution of european legal order. European Law Journal, 4(9), 433–450.Google Scholar
  22. Lööf, R. (2006). Shooting from the hip: Proposed minimum rights in criminal proceedings throughout the EU. European Law Journal, 12(3), 421–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mead, G. H. (1934/1959). Mind, self & society. From the standpoint of a social behaviorist. Chicago/Illinois: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  24. Mouffe, C. (2000). The democratic paradox. London, New York: Verso, p. 13.Google Scholar
  25. Pagdan, A. (Ed.) (2002). The idea of Europe: From antiquity to the European Union. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Popper, K. (1963). Towards a rational theory of tradition. In: Conjections and refutations. The growth of scientific knowledge (pp. 120–135). London: Routledge and Kegal Paul.Google Scholar
  27. Pradel, J., & Corstens, G. (2002). European criminal law. The Hague: Kluwer Law International.Google Scholar
  28. Prigogyne, I., & Stengers, I. (1984). Order out of chaos. New York: Bantham Books.Google Scholar
  29. Ricoeur, P (1992). Oneself as another, translated by K. Blamey. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  30. Taylor, C., et al. (1994). Multiculturalism: Examining the politics of recognition. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  31. van Brakel, J. (1999). We. Ethical Perspectives, 6(3–4), 266–276.Google Scholar
  32. Waldenfels, B. (1999). Vielstimmigkeit der Rede: Studien zur Phänomenologie des Fremden 4. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  33. Weiler, J. H. H. (2001). Federalism without constitutionalism: Europe’s Sonderweg. In K. Nicolaidis & R. Howse (Eds.), The federal vision: Legitimacy and levels of governance in the US and the EU (pp. 54–72). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Erasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Vrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselBelgium

Personalised recommendations