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Cognitive Neurodynamics

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 143–149 | Cite as

Noise induced complexity: patterns and collective phenomena in a small-world neuronal network

  • Yanhong Zheng
  • Qingyun WangEmail author
  • Marius-F. Danca
Research Article

Abstract

The effects of noise on patterns and collective phenomena are studied in a small-world neuronal network with the dynamics of each neuron being described by a two-dimensional Rulkov map neuron. It is shown that for intermediate noise levels, noise-induced ordered patterns emerge spatially, which supports the spatiotemporal coherence resonance. However, the inherent long range couplings of small-world networks can effectively disrupt the internal spatial scale of the media at small fraction of long-range couplings. The temporal order, characterized by the autocorrelation of a firing rate function, can be greatly enhanced by the introduction of small-world connectivity. There exists an optimal fraction of randomly rewired links, where the temporal order and synchronization can be optimized.

Keywords

Small-world neural network Pattern Synchronization Coherence resonance 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11102041 and 11172017) and the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (No. 20121102110014).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanhong Zheng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qingyun Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marius-F. Danca
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Dynamics and ControlBeihang UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Mathematics and Computer ScienceFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Mathematics and Computer ScienceAvram Iancu UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  4. 4.Romanian Institute of Science and TechnologyCluj-NapocaRomania

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