NanoEthics

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 133–148 | Cite as

Visions of Brazilian Scientists on Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies

Original Paper

Abstract

This article examines the visions on nanosciences and nanotechnologies (N&N) disseminated by a group of Brazilian scientists to legitimize this emergent field of research. For this purpose we analyzed reports on N&N published by the Journal of Science, edited daily by the Brazilian Society for the Progress of Science, from 2002 to 2007, covering the period in which the main events in domestic N&N research policy took place. Our analysis shows that researchers on N&N are spreading visions of progress, efficiency and competitiveness related to the advances in this field, giving little attention to issues such as potential risks, and economic, social and ethical implications of these technologies.

Keywords

Nanosciences Nanotechnologies S&T vision assessment Scientific community Visions of scientific progress 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    CAPES (2005). Programa Nacional de Nanotecnologia. Retrieved December 8, 2005 from http://www2.capes.gov.br/capes/portal/conteudo/10/Nanotecnologia.htm
  2. 2.
    CNPq Noticias (2000). Reunião de Trabalho Tendências em Nanociências e Nanotecnologias. Secretaria de Políticas e Programas do MCT e do CNPq. November 22, 2000. Retrieved October 10, 2005 from http://www.cnpq.br/noticias/noticia05_040401.htm
  3. 3.
    Cordis Nanotechnology (2008). Communication and debate. Retrieved April 1, 2008 from http://cordis.europa.eu/nanotechnology/src/public_debate.htm
  4. 4.
    Da Silveira E (2003) Nanotecnologia: realidade na escala dos átomos. Jornal da Ciência e-mail 2300, July 16, 2003. Retrieved July 5, 2007 from http://www.jornaldaciencia.org.br/Detalhe.jsp?id=10607
  5. 5.
    Drexler E (1986) Engines of creation. Anchor Books, New York. [Electronic Version] Retrieved April 3, 2007, from http://www.foresight.org/EOC/Engines.pdf
  6. 6.
    Esteves B (2006) Reunião Anual da SBPC: Nanociencia, megadesafios. Jornal da Ciência e-mail 3064, July 24, 2006, Retrieved August 17, 2007 from http://www.jornaldaciencia.org.br/Detalhe.jsp?id=39340
  7. 7.
    Fiedeler U, Grundwald A, Coenen C (2005) Vision Assessment in the field of nanotechnology. A first approach. Paper presented at the Conference Imaging NanoSpace, Bielefeld, May 11–14, 2005. Retrieved March, 9 2007, from http://www.itas.fzk.de/deu/lit/2005/fiua05a_abstracte.pdf
  8. 8.
    Garcia ES (2004) Nanociência: contribuição para o debate! Jornal da Ciência e-mail 2473, March 1, 2004. Retrieved March 2, 2007, from http://www.jornaldaciencia.org.br/Detalhe.jsp?id=22918
  9. 9.
    Geraque E (2004) O mundo nano não é ficção (interview with Henrique Toma). Jornal da Ciência e-mail 2641, November 5, 2004. Retrieved March 23, 2007, from http://www.jornaldaciencia.org.br/Detalhe.jsp?id=22918
  10. 10.
    Grundwald A (2004) Vision assessment as a new element of the FTA toolbox. New horizons and challenges for future-oriented technology analysis. Paper presented at the EU–US Scientific Seminar: New Technology Foresight, Forecasting & Assessment, Sevilla, May 13–14, 2004. Retrieved March 14, 2007 from http://www.jrc.es/projects/fta/papers/Session%204%20What%27s%20the%20Use/Vision%20Assessment%20as%20a%20new%20element%20of%20the%20FTA%20toolbox.pdf
  11. 11.
    Invernizzi N, Foladori G (2005) Nanotechnology and the developing world: will nanotechnology overcome poverty or widen disparities? Nanotechnol Law Bus 2(2):2–11Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jornal da Ciência (2004) Cientistas questionam criação de Instituto de Nanotecnologia. Jornal da Ciência e-mail 2574, July 29, 2004. Retrieved October 5, 2007 from http://www.jornaldaciencia.org.br/Detalhe.jsp?id=20386
  13. 13.
    Jornal da Ciência (2005) Lula lança novo programa nacional de nanotecnologia, JC e-mail 2838, August 22, 2005. Retrieved October 5, 2007 from http://www.jornaldaciencia.org.br/Detalhe.jsp?id=30768
  14. 14.
    Knobel M (2002) Nanoredes. ComCiencia 37, article 11. Retrieved March 3, 2005 from http://www.comciencia.br/reportagens/nanotecnologia/nano11.htm
  15. 15.
    Lux Research (2006) The nanotech report, 4th edn. Lux Research, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    MacNaghten P, Kearnes M, Wynne B (2005) Nanotechnology, governance, and public deliberation: what role for the social sciences? Sci Commun 27(2):1–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    MCT (2003) Desenvolvimento da Nanociência e da Nanotecnologia. Proposta do Grupo de Trabalho criado pela Portaria MCT no. 252 como subsídio ao Programa de Desenvolvimento da Nanociência e da Nanotecnologia do PPA 2004–2007. Retrieved July 12, 2005, from http://www.mct.gov.br/Temas/Nano/prog_nanotec.pdf
  18. 18.
    MCT/CNPq (2002) Institutos do Milênio. Uma nova era para a pesquisa e o desenvolvimento no Brasil. Retrieved October 3, 2007 from http://200.130.9.7/publi/milenio.pdf
  19. 19.
    MCT (2006) Relatório referente à gestão do Programa “Desenvolvimento da Nanociencia e da Nanotecnologia” no exercício de 2005. Coordenação Geral de Micro e Nanotecnologias. Retrieved March 3, 2007 from http://www.mct.gov.br/upd_blob/0002/2705.pdf
  20. 20.
    MCT (2007) Plano de Ação 2007–2010. Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação para o Desenvolvimento Nacional. Retrieved January 2, 2007 from http://www.mct.gov.br/upd_blob/0021/21439.pdf
  21. 21.
    Meridian Institute (2005) Nanotechnology for the poor: opportunities and risks. Retrieved September 3, 2005 from http://www.nanoandthepoor.org/NanoandPoor-NoGraphics.pdf
  22. 22.
    Meridian Institute (2007). Nanotechnologies, commodities and development. Background paper, international workshop on nanotechnologies, commodities and development, Rio de Janeiro, May, 29–31 2007.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Montserrat FJ (2003) Conseguirá o Brasil aproveitar a janela de oportunidade que tem hoje na área de Nanociência e Nanotecnologia? Jornal da Ciênica e-mail 2279, May 16, 2003. Retrieved July 10, 2007 from http://www.jornaldaciencia.org.br/Detalhe.jsp?id=9833
  24. 24.
    Moor J, Weckert J (2004) Nanoethics: Assessing the nanoscale from an ethical point of view. In: Baird D, Nordmann A, Schummer J (eds) Discovering the nanoscale. IOS, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    National Nanotechnology Initiative (2008) Society and Safety. Retrieved April 1, 2008 from http://www.nano.gov/html/society/home_society.html
  26. 26.
    NSTC (1999) Nanotechnology: shaping the world atom by atom. National Science and Technology Council. Retrieved March 5, 2007, from http://www.wtec.org/loyola/nano/IWGN.Public.Brochure/
  27. 27.
    Oliveira D (2003) O Brasil não pode perder o trem da Nanociência e da Nanotecnologia. Jornal da Ciência e-mail 2322, July 17, 2003. Retrieved July 4, 2007 from http://www.jornaldaciencia.org.br/index2.jsp?id=399
  28. 28.
    Roco MC, Bainbridge WS (eds) (2002) Converging technologies for improving human performance. Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information Technology and Cognitive Science. NSF/DOC-sponsored report. Arlington: National Science Foundation. Retrieved March, 14, 2007 from http://2100.org/Nanos/NSF.pdf
  29. 29.
    RS&RAE (2004) Nanoscience and nanotechnologies: opportunities and uncertainties. The Royal Society & The Royal Academy of Engineering, London. Retrieved February 12, 2005, from www.royalsoc.ac.uk/policy www.raeng.org.uk
  30. 30.
    Salamanca-Buentello F, Persad DL, Court EB, Martin DK, Daar AS, Singer PA (2005) Nanotechnology and the developing world, 2 PLOS MED. E97, Retrieved June 4, 2005 from http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=15807631
  31. 31.
    da Silva, CG (2003) O Programa Nacional de Nanotecnologia e o Centro Nacional de Referência em Nanotecnologia. Laboratório Nacional de Luz Sincrotron. Retrieved September 29, 2006 from http://www.lnls.br/info/programaNano_a.pdf
  32. 32.
    Teixeira M (2004) Cylon Gonçalves, secretario do MCT, apresenta planos para 2005 em Nanotecnologia, Biotecnologia e Amazônia. Entrevista. Jornal da Ciência e-mail 2670, December 17, 2004. Retrieved September 3, 2007 from http://www.jornaldaciencia.org.br/Detalhe.jsp?id=24125
  33. 33.
    UNESCO (2006) The ethics and politics of nanotechnology. UNESCO, ParisGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    UNESCO (2007) Nanotechnologies and ethics. Policies and actions. Comest/UNESCO, ParisGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Wood S, Jones R, Geldart A (2003) The social and economic challenges of nanotechnology. Economic and Social Research Council, London. Retrieved September 20, 2004 from http://www.esrc.ac.uk/ESRCInfoCentre/Images/Nanotechnology_tcm6-5506.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Federal University of ParanaCuritibaBrazil
  2. 2.CuritibaBrasil

Personalised recommendations