“Imma march’ toward Ka’ba”: Islam in Swedish hip-hop
The common history of Islam and the hip-hop culture can be traced back to the early expression of the culture. Since the early days of hip-hop, Muslims have used hip-hop to convey Islamic messages. Artists driven, in equal parts, by a strong personal belief in Islam and a love for hip-hop music have taken Islamic-themed hip-hop outside its country of birth, the U.S., and have made it into a matter of global concern. In an attempt to contribute to and, hopefully, complicate the picture of what has been called the transglobal hip-hop umma, this article explores how Swedish Muslims articulate their beliefs through hip-hop in Sweden. With examples from both the Swedish mainstream and the underground, it highlights hip-hop music with an Islamic engagement whose aim is to promote and perform what is understood as “Islamic values,” such as ethics, peace, social responsibility, and a strong personal belief.
KeywordsIslam Hip-hop Rap Sweden Ethislamic
Research for this article was generously funded by the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at Lund University within the framework of “The Middle East in the Contemporary World” (MECW) and the research domain The Middle East in Sweden.
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