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Mycological Progress

, Volume 17, Issue 8, pp 967–988 | Cite as

Phragmidium species parasitizing species of Rosaceae in Tibet, China, with descriptions of three new species

  • Yun Liu
  • Bin Cao
  • Siqi Tao
  • Chengming Tian
  • Yingmei Liang
Original Article
  • 66 Downloads

Abstract

Phragmidum spp. are rust fungi that are serious pathogens of plants in the Rosaceae. We characterized 15 Phragmidium species from Tibet, including 12 previously described and 3 new species. All the taxa, including the three new species (Ph. chayuensis, Ph. cibanum, Ph. zangdongii) are described and illustrated based on morphological characteristics. These taxa have multi-celled teliospores with firm pedicels. Phragmidium chayuensis is characterized by (5)7–9-celled teliospores with short papillae. Phragmidium cibanum is characterized by smooth teliospores that are distinctly constricted at the septa. Phragmidium zangdongii is characterized by large uredinia and 11–13-celled teliospores. Five types of urediniospore-surface structures were identified based on the gross shape of ornamentations and their distribution on the urediniospore wall. Molecular sequence data from the LSU rDNA analysis showed that the new taxa formed distinct clades independent from previously recorded species represented by LSU rDNA sequence data. The phylogenetic tree indicated that Phragmidium species are highly host specific.

Keywords

Molecular phylogeny Rust fungi Taxonomy Urediniospores 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Prof. Makoto Kakishima for providing professional suggestions, Prof. Yuichi Yamaoka and Dr. Izumi Okane (University of Tsukuba, Japan) for their help to our research. We thank the Herbarium Mycologicum Academiae Sinicae (HMAS), Beijing, China, the Mycological Herbarium (TSH), Japan and the Museum of the Beijing Forestry University (BJFC), Beijing, China for providing herbarium specimens to this study.

Funding information

This study is financed by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31470646).

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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yun Liu
    • 1
  • Bin Cao
    • 1
  • Siqi Tao
    • 1
  • Chengming Tian
    • 1
  • Yingmei Liang
    • 2
  1. 1.The Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of EducationBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Museum of Beijing Forestry University, Beijing Forestry UniversityBeijingChina

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