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Mycological Progress

, 15:51 | Cite as

Hidden diversity in the Antrodia malicola group (Polyporales, Basidiomycota)

  • Viacheslav Spirin
  • Josef Vlasák
  • Bernard Rivoire
  • Heikki Kotiranta
  • Otto Miettinen
Original Article

Abstract

Taxonomy of the Antrodia malicola group is revised based on DNA, morphological, ecological, and geographic data. This species complex is not related to Antrodia s. str. but constitutes its own lineage within the large Fomitopsis – Daedalea clade. The A. malicola group includes five species. Antrodia malicola s. str. is distributed in North America and East Asia, and a few records of this species are reported from Azores and Africa. Its European counterpart is A. kuzyana, comb. nova, with wider pores. Infraspecific variability of A. malicola and possible gene flow between it and A. kuzyana in East Asia are detected based on tef1 sequence data. Antrodia cyclopis, sp. nova, is described as a large-spored relative of A. malicola from New Guinea. Antrodia minuta is reported here from several European countries and Siberia, and its morphological characters and host preferences are discussed. Its close relative is A. tuvensis, sp. nova, from Central Siberia, an unusual member of the group with sparse, flexuous skeletal hyphae.

Keywords

Antrodia malicola Brown rot Phylogeny Taxonomy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Curators of herbaria K, PRM, BPI, LE, LY, and GB kindly provided us with valuable specimens as a loan. The research of J. Vlasák was funded by institutional support RVO: 60077344 from the Biology Centre, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (České Budějovice, Czech Republic).

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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Viacheslav Spirin
    • 1
  • Josef Vlasák
    • 2
  • Bernard Rivoire
    • 3
  • Heikki Kotiranta
    • 4
  • Otto Miettinen
    • 1
  1. 1.Botany Unit (Mycology), Finnish Museum of Natural HistoryUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Biology CentreAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  3. 3.OrliénasFrance
  4. 4.Finnish Environment InstituteHelsinkiFinland

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