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Mycological Progress

, 14:13 | Cite as

Morchella tridentina, M. rufobrunnea, and M. kakiicolor: a study of three poorly known Mediterranean morels, with nomenclatural updates in section Distantes

  • Michael Loizides
  • Pablo Alvarado
  • Philippe Clowez
  • Pierre-Arthur Moreau
  • Luis Romero de la Osa
  • Antonio Palazón
Original Article

Abstract

A taxonomic, morphological, ecological, and molecular study of three interesting Morchella species, Morchella tridentina, M. rufobrunnea, and M. kakiicolor, is presented, based on observations and analyses of collections from Cyprus and Spain. The nomenclatural and taxonomic problems associated with the name M. tridentina and its synonyms, M. elatoides and M. frustrata, are discussed. A neotype is designated for M. quercus-ilicis to replace the lost holotype, and its synonymy with M. tridentina is proposed. The holotype of M. quercus-ilicis f. kakiicolor is confirmed as genetically distinct from the neotype of M. quercus-ilicis, and a new combination, M. kakiicolor (Clowez & L. Romero) comb. nov. is introduced. The presence of M. rufobrunnea in Europe is confirmed with molecular data for the first time. Updated descriptions of all three species, including new morphological and ecological data, as well as detailed illustrations are provided.

Keywords

Ascomycota Pezizales Morchellaceae Morchella quercus-ilicis Morchella elatoides Morchella frustrata 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Kerry O’ Donnell and Michael Kuo for confirming the first identification of M. rufobrunnea from Cyprus in 2009. We are most grateful to Karen Hansen (Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm) for all precisions about Bresadola’s original collections and to Jean-Michel Bellanger, Franck Richard and Mathieu Sauve (CEFE-CNRS, Montpellier), who are greatly acknowledged for generating most of the sequences cited in this study, for preliminary molecular analyses and for their friendly support. We also thank Carlos Monedero, Luis Ballester, Manuel Becerra Parra, and Tomás Illescas for kindly providing us with specimens and images for a number of the species studied and Ron Pastorino for granting us permission to use his image of M. frustrata. Last but not least, we are grateful to Sian & Sophia Loizides for collecting the first specimen of M. rufobrunnea in Cyprus and kindly bringing it to our attention, and to Angelos Papadimitriou for his helpful linguistic suggestions.

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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Loizides
    • 1
  • Pablo Alvarado
    • 2
  • Philippe Clowez
    • 3
  • Pierre-Arthur Moreau
    • 4
    • 5
  • Luis Romero de la Osa
    • 6
  • Antonio Palazón
    • 7
  1. 1.LimassolCyprus
  2. 2.ALVALABSantanderSpain
  3. 3.Pont-l’EvêqueFrance
  4. 4.Département des Sciences Végétales et Fongiques, Faculté des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et BiologiquesUniversité de LilleLilleFrance
  5. 5.EA 4483, UFR PharmacieLilleFrance
  6. 6.AracenaSpain
  7. 7.HuescaSpain

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