A new white truffle species, Tuber panzhihuanense from China
- 401 Downloads
A new white Tuber species, T. panzhihuanense, is described based on collections from Sichuan and Yunnan, China. This is one of 10 new white truffle species, which were discovered in 2010 and 2011. Morphological and molecular analysis shows that T. panzhihuanense is clearly different from any other taxon in the genus of Tuber. It grows in mycorrhizal association with trees of Pinus yunnanensis in limestone soils. It has a pleasant aroma and is good edible. This is the first white truffle species discovered in China that has commercial potential.
KeywordsTuber panzhihuanense White truffle Taxonomy Phylogenetic analysis
We are grateful to Dr Jane Simpson, Alexis Guerin-Laguette and Nicholas Cummings for editing the paper and providing valuable comments. Many thanks to colleagues in the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Panzhihua Academy of Agriculture & Forestry, Panzhihua, Sichuan, China for their help in this study. This study was supported financially by the following foundations: the Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.0806361121), the Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.KSCX2-YW-G-025) and the New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Ltd.
- Doyle JJ, Doyle JL (1987) A rapid DNA isolation procedure from small quantities of fresh leaf tissues. Phytochem Bull 19:11–15Google Scholar
- Liu B (1985) New species and records of hypogeous from fungi China (I). Acta Mycologica Sinica 4(2):84–89Google Scholar
- Wang Y, Liu PG (2009) Achievements and challenges of research on Chinese truffles. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, Suppl.XIV: 1–9Google Scholar
- White TJ, Bruns T, Lee S, Taylor JW (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis MA, Gelfand DH, Sninsky JJ, White TJ (eds) PCR protocols: a guide to methods and applications. Academic, New York, pp 315–322Google Scholar
- Yang ZL, Zhang LF (2003) Type studies on Clitocybe macrospora and Xerula furfuracea var. bispora. Mycotaxon 88:447–454Google Scholar