Mycological Progress

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 341–351 | Cite as

Phellinus castanopsidis sp. nov. (Hymenochaetaceae) from southern China, with preliminary phylogeny based on rDNA sequences

Original Article

Abstract

Phellinus castanopsidis sp. nov. is described and illustrated from southern China. This species is characterized by resupinate, annual basidiomata, a dimitic hyphal system, hooked hymenial setae, and ovoid to broadly ellipsoid basidiospores that are colorless, thick-walled, weakly dextrinoid, and moderately cyanophilous. Most of these morphological features are shared by Fomitiporia ellipsoidea, P. gabonensis, and P. caribaeo-quercicolus, although in the two latter species, the basidiospores are not dextrinoid. In a phylogenetic perspective, parsimony inferences based on LSU and ITS DNA sequence data show that these four species are closely related, forming a monophyletic clade. Furthermore, this clade is more closely related to the Phellinus ignarius clade (Phellinus s.s.) than to the Fomitiporia clade. Hence, F. ellipsoidea is transferred to Phellinus, and a new combination P. ellipsoideus is proposed also.

Keywords

Molecular phylogeny Wood-rotting fungi Taxonomy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We express our gratitude to Dr. Chang-Lin Zhao (China) for assistance in the molecular study, to Dr. Hai-Jiao Li (China) for preparing the line drawings. We also thank Dr. Zheng Wang (Yale University, USA) and Prof. Yu-Cheng Dai (IFP, China) who improved the English of the manuscript. The research is financed by the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-11-0585), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Project No. BLYX200912) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 30910103907). Cony Decock gratefully acknowledges the financial support received from the Belgian State - Belgian Federal Science Policy through the BCCM research program.

References

  1. Amalfi M, Yombiyeni P, Decock C (2010) Fomitiporia in sub-Saharan Africa: morphology and multigene phylogenetic analysis support three new species from the Guineo-Congolian rainforest. Mycologia 102:1303–1317PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cui BK, Dai YC (2008) Wood-rotting fungi in eastern China 2. A new species of Fomitiporia (Basidiomycota) from Wanmulin Nature Reserve, Fujian Province. Mycotaxon 105:343–348Google Scholar
  3. Cui BK, Dai YC, Bao HY (2009) Wood-inhabiting fungi in southern China 3. A new species of Phellinus (Hymenochaetales) from tropical China. Mycotaxon 110:125–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cui BK, Du P, Dai YC (2011) Three new species of Inonotus (Basidiomycota, Hymenochaetaceae) from China. Mycol Prog 10:107–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dai YC (2010) Hymenochaetaceae (Basidiomycota) in China. Fungal Divers 45:131–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dai YC (2012a) Polypore diversity in China with an annotated checklist of Chinese polypores. Mycoscience 53:49–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dai YC (2012b) Two new polypores from tropical China, and renaming two species in Polyporus and Phellinus. Mycoscience 53:40–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dai YC, Cui BK (2011) Fomitiporia ellipsoidea has the largest fruiting body among the fungi. Fungal Biol 115:813–814PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dai YC, Yang F (2008) A new species of Phellinus (Basidiomycota, Hymenochaetales) from western China. Mycotaxon 104:103–106Google Scholar
  10. Dai YC, Cui BK, Yuan HS, Li BD (2007) Pathogenic wood-decaying fungi in China. For Pathol 27:105–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dai YC, Cui BK, Tao WQ (2008a) Phellinus mori sp. nov. (Basidiomycota, Hymenochaetales) from northern China. Mycotaxon 105:53–58Google Scholar
  12. Dai YC, Cui BK, Decock C (2008b) A new species of Fomitiporia (Hymenochaetaceae, Basidiomycota) from China based on morphological and molecular characters. Mycol Res 112:375–380PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dai YC, Yang ZL, Cui BK, Yu CJ, Zhou LW (2009) Species diversity and utilization of medicinal mushrooms and fungi in China (Review). Int J Med Mushrooms 11:287–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dai YC, Zhou LW, Cui BK, Chen YQ, Decock C (2010) Current advances in Phellinus sensu lato: medicinal species, functions, metabolites and mechanisms. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 87:1587–1593PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Decock C, Bitew A, Castillo G (2005) Fomitiporia tenuis and Fomitiporia aethiopica (Basidiomycetes, Hymenochaetales), two undescribed species from the Ethiopian highlands: taxonomy and phylogeny. Mycologia 97:121–129PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Decock C, Herrera FS, Robledo G, Castillo G (2006) Phellinus caribaeo-quercicolus sp. nov., parasitic on Quercus cubana, taxonomy and preliminary phylogeny. Mycologia 98:265–274PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Decock C, Herrera Figueroa S, Robledo G, Castillo G (2007) Fomitiporia punctata (Basidiomycota, Hymenochaetales) and its presumed taxonomic synonyms in America: taxonomy and phylogeny of some species from tropical/subtropical areas. Mycologia 99:733–752PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Felsenstein J (1985) Confidence intervals on phylogenetics: an approach using bootstrap. Evolution 39:783–791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fischer M (2002) A new wood-decaying basidiomycete species associated with esca of grapevine: Fomitiporia mediterranea (Hymenochaetales). Mycol Prog 1:315–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fischer M, Binder M (2004) Species recognition, geographic distribution and host-pathogen relationships: a case study in a group of lignicolous basidiomycetes, Phellinus s.l. Mycologia 96:799–811PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fischer M, Edwards J, Cunnington JH, Pascoe IG (2005) Basidiomycetous pathogens on grapevine: a new species from Australia–Fomitiporia australiensis. Mycotaxon 92:85–96Google Scholar
  22. Gibertoni TB, Ryvarden L, Cavalcanti MAQ (2004) Studies in neotropical polypores 18. New species from Brazil. Syn Fungorum 18:44–56Google Scholar
  23. Gilbertson RL, Ryvarden L (1987) North American polypores 2. Fungiflora, OsloGoogle Scholar
  24. Hall TA (1999) Bioedit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symp Ser 41:95–98Google Scholar
  25. Larsen MJ, Cobb-Poulle LA (1990) Phellinus (Hymenochaetaceae). A survey of the world taxa. Syn Fungorum 3:1–206Google Scholar
  26. Larsson KH, Parmasto E, Fischer M, Langer E, Nakasone KK, Redhead SA (2006) Hymenochaetales: a molecular phylogeny for the hymenochaetoid clade. Mycologia 98:926–936PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Liu HB, Bao HY, Cui BK (2011) Chemical constituents of Fomitiporia ellipsoidea fruiting bodies. Mycosystema 30:459–463Google Scholar
  28. Murrill WA (1907) Polyporaceae. North Am Flora 9:1–131Google Scholar
  29. Núñez M, Ryvarden L (2000) East Asian polypores 1. Syn Fungorum 13:1–168Google Scholar
  30. Nylander JAA (2004) MrModeltest v2. Program distributed by the author. Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala UniversityGoogle Scholar
  31. Parmasto E (2007) Phellinus laevigatus s.l. (Hymenochaetales): a ring species. Folia Cryptog Estonica 43:39–49Google Scholar
  32. Petersen JH (1996) Farvekort. The Danish Mycological Society´s colour-chart. Foreningen til Svampekundskabens Fremme, Greve, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  33. Posada D, Crandall KA (1998) Modeltest: Testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14:817–818PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ronquist F, Huelsenbeck JP (2003) MRBAYES 3: bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19:1572–1574PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ryvarden L (1991) Genera of polypores. Nomenclature and taxonomy. Syn Fungorum 5:1–363Google Scholar
  36. Ryvarden L (2004) Neotropical polypores 1. Syn Fungorum 19:1–229Google Scholar
  37. Ryvarden L, Gilbertson RL (1994) European polypores 2. Syn Fungorum 7:388–743Google Scholar
  38. Ryvarden L, Johansen I (1980) A preliminary polypore flora of East Africa. Fungiflora, OsloGoogle Scholar
  39. Stöger A, Schaffer J, Ruppitsch W (2006) A rapid and sensitive method for direct detection of Erwinia amylovora in symptomatic and asymptomatic plant tissues by polymerase chain reaction. J Phytopathol 154:469–473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Swofford DL (2002) PAUP*: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods). Version 4.0b10. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  41. Thomson JD, Gibson TJ, Plewniak F, Jeanmougin F, Higgins DG (1997) The clustal_X windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acids Res 25:4876–4882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wagner T, Fischer M (2001) Natural groups and a revised system for the European poroid Hymenochaetales (Basidiomycota) supported by nLSU rDNA sequence data. Mycol Res 105:773–782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wagner T, Fischer M (2002) Proceedings towards a natural classification of the worldwide taxa Phellinus s.l. and Inonotus s.l., and phylogenetic relationships of allied genera. Mycologia 94:998–1016PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wang B, Cui BK, Li HJ, Du P, Jia BS (2011) Wood-rotting fungi in eastern China 5. Polypore diversity in Jiangxi Province. Ann Bot Fenn 48:237–246Google Scholar
  45. White TJ, Bruns TD, Lee S, Taylor J (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis MA, Gelfand DH, Sninsky JJ, White TJ (eds) PCR protocols, a guide to methods and applications. Academic, San Diego, pp 315–322Google Scholar
  46. Yombiyeni P, Douanla-Meli C, Amalfi M, Decock C (2011) Poroid Hymenochaetaceae from Guineo–Congolian rainforest: Phellinus gabonensis sp. nov. from Gabon – taxonomy and phylogenetic relationships. Mycol Prog 10:351–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zhou LW, Jia BS (2010) A new species of Phellinus (Hymenochaetaceae) growing on bamboo from tropical China. Mycotaxon 114:211–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zhou LW, Xue HJ (2012) Fomitiporia pentaphylacis and F. tenuitubus spp. nov. (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) from Guangxi, southern China. Mycol Prog DOI 10.1007/s11557-012-0806-1

Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of MicrobiologyBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Mycothèque de l’Université catholique de Louvain (BCCM/MUCL), Earth and Life Institute - Microbiology, MycologyUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium

Personalised recommendations