Mycological Progress

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 753–760 | Cite as

Lichen-associated fungi of the Letharietum vulpinae

  • Derek PeršohEmail author
  • Gerhard Rambold
Original Article


In the present study, a well-defined lichen community was screened for associated fungi for the first time. The photophilous lichen community Letharietum vulpinae was chosen because its character species, Letharia vulpina, was expected to host rather specialized fungi due to the presence of antimycotic secondary compounds. A considerable number of the associated fungi that were isolated were probably selective for lichens, because they appeared to be distantly related to fungi known from other substrates. The majority of these obligatory, lichen-associated fungi were only isolated in the course of the present study and represent hitherto unknown phylogenetic lineages. Parts of the lichen-associated fungi overlapped those colonizing rock surfaces or were closely related to endophytic fungi, but the lichen-associated and endophytic fungi still represented separate lineages.


Lichen-associated fungi Endolichenic fungi Letharietum vulpinae Letharia Substrate preference 



Luciana Zedda (Bonn) and Frank Bungartz (Quito, Ecuador) assisted in the identification of lichens. Miia Pitkäranta (Helsinki) readily shared and discussed unpublished data with us. Andrea Kirpal and Christina Leistner assisted with laboratory work. Roland Moberg (Uppsala) and Michael Hamilton (James Reserve, California) are thanked for their hospitality and for providing working facilities in their laboratories. John A. Elix (Canberra) is thanked for correcting the English. The study was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Ra 731/3).

Supplementary material

11557_2011_786_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (16 kb)
Supplementary Table 1 Strains isolated from lichens of the Letharietum vulpinae . GenBank accession number and group affiliation are given in the first columns. The sampling site is indicated in the second column by abbreviations explained in the text. The host species is listed in the fourth column. (XLSX 16 kb)
11557_2011_786_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (23 kb)
Supplementary Table 2 Substrate of strains included in the analyses. The corresponding GenBank accession numbers are given and the group-affiliation as indicated by cluster analysis. The 3rd column notes the substrate from which the respective strain was isolated (1: air; 2: arthropod; 3: dung; 4: dust; 5: fungus; 6: lichen; 7: rock; 8: root; 9: skin; 10: soil; 11: surface sterilized living plant leaf or stem; 12: non-surface sterilized living or plant material decaying above-ground; 13: water). Asterisks indicate strains isolated from lichens of the Letharietum vulpinae in the course of the presented study. (XLSX 23 kb)


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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MycologyUniversity of BayreuthBayreuthGermany

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