Mycological Progress

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 575–583 | Cite as

Xeromphalina setulipes (hygrophoroid clade, Agaricales), a new Mediterranean species

  • Fernando Esteve-Raventós
  • Gabriel Moreno
  • Jose Luis Manjón
  • Pablo Alvarado
Original article


A new Xeromphalina species from Mediterranean evergreen forests of the southern part of the Iberian Peninsula is described. It is characterized by its habitat on soil, arcuate-decurrent lamellae, trama hyphae which turn distinctly orange-brown to red-brown in KOH solution, thick-walled caulocystidia with an attenuate apex reminding setulae, and versiform to irregularly cylindrical cheilocystidia, which are conspicuously branched forming coralloid excrescences. LM microphotographs illustrate its diagnostic features. Additionally, two nuclear ribosomal DNA regions from this new taxon were sequenced and compared with homologue sequences from existing species in the genus Xeromphalina, supporting its recognition as a new species.


Basidiomycetes Tricholomatales Mediterranean mycobiota Taxonomy New species 



We acknowledge L. Monje and A. Pueblas (Gabinete de Dibujo y Fotografía Científica at Alcalá University) for their valuable help in the treatment of digital images; the Spanish Ministry of Education and Culture for FPU grant AP2006-00890, the ΄Consejería de Agricultura y Medio Ambiente de la Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha΄ for the Research Projects 2004X802, PAI08-0240-5097, and the Empleaverde Truficulture project from the Fundación Diversidad (cofinanced by the European Social Fund and the FGUA Cátedra de Medio Ambiente), which enabled us to carry out this study. We also want to thank Dr. G. Consiglio for his help in the Latin diagnosis and an anonymous reviewer for kindly helping in the grammatical correction of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Esteve-Raventós
    • 1
  • Gabriel Moreno
    • 1
  • Jose Luis Manjón
    • 1
  • Pablo Alvarado
    • 1
  1. 1.Dpto. de Biología Vegetal (Botánica), Fac. BiologíaUniversidad de Alcalá de HenaresMadridSpain

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