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Mycological Progress

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 1–15 | Cite as

Diversity of fungal communities in saline and acidic soils in the Soos National Natural Reserve, Czech Republic

  • Martina HujslováEmail author
  • Alena Kubátová
  • Milada Chudíčková
  • Miroslav Kolařík
Original Article

Abstract

During 2003–2005, the diversity of culturable filamentous soil microfungi in saline and acidic soils of the Soos National Natural Reserve (Czech Republic) was studied. Altogether, 28 soil samples were collected from four sampling sites and were processed by various approaches. In total, 92 fungal taxa were identified using classical and molecular markers. Several detected species were known from similar substrata worldwide; however, the overall fungal spectrum was distinct, as shown by comparison to similar studies. All methodological approaches increased the observed fungal diversity. The different fungal communities observed on the four sampling sites were influenced by the complex effects of environmental factors. The growth response of selected strains to different salinities and pH values was determined. The results of the growth tests showed high adaptability of all tested species to the extreme conditions of the studied substrate. Two acidophilic species (Acidomyces acidophilus, Sporothrix sp.) were isolated.

Keywords

Microscopic fungi Penicillium Acidomyces Molecular identification Acidotolerance Halotolerance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Grant Agency of the Charles University (project No. 43-203345) and by the institutional project MSM 0021620828 of the Ministry of Education. We thank K. Brož and the Soos National Natural Reserve service for the facilitation of the sampling and for providing information; P. Škaloud for helpful comments on the statistical analysis; O. Rauch, A. Nováková and M. Albrechtová for the stimulating discussion; K. Prášil and M. Váňová for assistance in the determination of the fungi; and O. Koukol for reviewing the text.

Supplementary material

11557_2009_611_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (58 kb)
Electronic supplementary material Table 5 The list of the isolated species with frequencies of their occurrence at an individual site and in a single sample (PDF 58 kb)

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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martina Hujslová
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alena Kubátová
    • 1
  • Milada Chudíčková
    • 2
  • Miroslav Kolařík
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceCharles University in PraguePraha 2Czech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Microbiology CASPraha 4Czech Republic

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