Mycological Progress

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 41–66 | Cite as

The simple-septate basidiomycetes: a synopsis

  • Robert Bauer
  • Dominik Begerow
  • José Paulo Sampaio
  • Michael Weiβ
  • Franz Oberwinkler
Original Article

Abstract

The simple-septate basidiomycetes comprise more than 8,000 species that show a high morphological and ecological heterogeneity. To gain insight in the phylogenetic relationships within this group, we compared several ultrastructural features such as septal pore apparatus, form, and behavior of the spindle pole bodies, types of host–parasite interaction, presence or absence of colacosomes, symplechosomes, atractosomes, and cystosomes as well as nuclear rDNA sequences coding for small- and large-subunit rRNA. Based on our integrated analysis, we propose a new classification system for the simple-septate basidiomycetes with the subphylum Pucciniomycotina and the classes Agaricostilbomycetes, Atractiellomycetes, Classiculomycetes, Cryptomycocolacomycetes, Cystobasidiomycetes, Microbotryomycetes, Mixiomycetes, and Pucciniomycetes. We also propose the pucciniomycotinous taxa Cystobasidiales, Erythrobasidiales, Helicobasidiales, Mixiales, Naohideales, Pachnocybales, Spiculogloeales, and Kondoaceae and the new subphyla Agaricomycotina (equivalent to the current Hymenomycetes) and Ustilaginomycotina (equivalent to the current Ustilaginomycetes).

Taxonomical Novelties

Agaricomycotina Agaricostilbomycetes Atractiellomycetes Classiculomycetes Cryptomycocolacomycetes Cystobasidiales Cystobasidiomycetes Erythrobasidiales Helicobasidiales Kondoaceae Microbotryomycetes Mixiales Mixiomycetes Naohideales Pachnocybales Pucciniomycetes Pucciniomycotina Spiculogloeales Ustilaginomycotina 

Keywords

Basidiomycetes Fungal systematics Molecular phylogenetics Ultrastructure Taxonomy 

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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Bauer
    • 1
  • Dominik Begerow
    • 1
  • José Paulo Sampaio
    • 2
  • Michael Weiβ
    • 1
  • Franz Oberwinkler
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität Tübingen, Botanisches Institut, Lehrstuhl für Spezielle Botanik und MykologieTübingenGermany
  2. 2.Centro de Recursos Microbiológicos, Secção Autónoma de Biotecnologia, Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade Nova de LisboaCaparicaPortugal

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