This aim of this study was to evaluate the progression of grip, tip pinch, key (lateral) pinch, and tripod pinch strengths in patients suffering from carpal tunnel syndrome with thenar atrophy following surgery. Between October 2008 and May 2010, 46 patients (49 hands) with carpal tunnel syndrome associated with thenar atrophy underwent surgery. Thenar atrophy was assessed by clinical inspection. Evaluations for grip strength and for tip, key, and tripod pinch strengths were made using a hydraulic hand dynamometer grip and a hydraulic pinch gauge, respectively. These measurements were taken before surgery and at 3 and 6 months after the procedure. When we compared the averages of all forces measured in the affected hand before the surgery with all forces measured at 3 months postoperative, we found no significant differences. However, after 6 months, we found significant differences for all four strength tests as compared with those measurements taken preoperatively and at the 3 month time point. Our results suggest that patients with thenar atrophy show increased grip strength and pinch strength by the sixth month after surgical treatment.
Carpal tunnel syndrome Thenar atrophy Hand strength Grip Pinch
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest, commercial associations, or intent of financial gain regarding this research.
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