Computer-assisted planning for a concentric tube robotic system in neurosurgery

  • Josephine GrannaEmail author
  • Arya Nabavi
  • Jessica Burgner-Kahrs
Original Article



Laser-induced thermotherapy in the brain is a minimally invasive procedure to denature tumor tissue. However, irregularly shaped brain tumors cannot be treated using existing commercial systems. Thus, we present a new concept for laser-induced thermotherapy using a concentric tube robotic system. The planning procedure is complex and consists of the optimal distribution of thermal laser ablations within a volume as well as design and configuration parameter optimization of the concentric tube robot.


We propose a novel computer-assisted planning procedure that decomposes the problem into task- and robot-specific planning and uses a multi-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm with variable length.


The algorithm determines a Pareto-front of optimal ablation distributions for three patient datasets. It considers multiple objectives and determines optimal robot parameters for multiple trajectories to access the tumor volume.


We prove the effectiveness of our planning procedure to enable the treatment of irregularly shaped brain tumors. Multiple trajectories further increase the applicability of the procedure.


Minimally invasive surgery Concentric tube robot Planning Neurosurgery Robotic-surgery 



This research was supported in parts by the International Neurobionics Foundation and by the German Research Foundation under Award No. BU-2935/1-1.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© CARS 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Continuum RoboticsLeibniz Universität HannoverHanoverGermany
  2. 2.International Neuroscience Institute, Image Guided Neurosurgical TherapyHanoverGermany

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