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Planning nonlinear access paths for temporal bone surgery

Abstract

Purpose

Interventions at the otobasis operate in the narrow region of the temporal bone where several highly sensitive organs define obstacles with minimal clearance for surgical instruments. Nonlinear trajectories for potential minimally invasive interventions can provide larger distances to risk structures and optimized orientations of surgical instruments, thus improving clinical outcomes when compared to existing linear approaches. In this paper, we present fast and accurate planning methods for such nonlinear access paths.

Methods

We define a specific motion planning problem in \(\mathrm{SE}(3)=\mathbb {R}^3\times \mathrm{SO(3)}\) with notable constraints in computation time and goal pose that reflect the requirements of temporal bone surgery. We then present \(\kappa \)-RRT-Connect: two suitable motion planners based on bidirectional Rapidly exploring Random Tree (RRT) to solve this problem efficiently.

Results

The benefits of \(\kappa \)-RRT-Connect are demonstrated on real CT data of patients. Their general performance is shown on a large set of realistic synthetic anatomies. We also show that these new algorithms outperform state-of-the-art methods based on circular arcs or Bézier–Splines when applied to this specific problem.

Conclusion

With this work, we demonstrate that preoperative and intra-operative planning of nonlinear access paths is possible for minimally invasive surgeries at the otobasis.

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Author information

Correspondence to Johannes Fauser.

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Funding

The research Project MUKNO II is funded by the DFG.

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

This article is partially based on anonymized patient data.

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Supplementary material 1 (mov 42414 KB)

Supplementary material 1 (mov 42414 KB)

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Cite this article

Fauser, J., Sakas, G. & Mukhopadhyay, A. Planning nonlinear access paths for temporal bone surgery. Int J CARS 13, 637–646 (2018) doi:10.1007/s11548-018-1712-z

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Keywords

  • Minimally invasive
  • Temporal bone surgery
  • Statistical shape models
  • Nonholonomic motion planning
  • Curvature constraint
  • RRT