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FAST: framework for heterogeneous medical image computing and visualization

  • Erik Smistad
  • Mohammadmehdi Bozorgi
  • Frank Lindseth
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Computer systems are becoming increasingly heterogeneous in the sense that they consist of different processors, such as multi-core CPUs and graphic processing units. As the amount of medical image data increases, it is crucial to exploit the computational power of these processors. However, this is currently difficult due to several factors, such as driver errors, processor differences, and the need for low-level memory handling. This paper presents a novel FrAmework for heterogeneouS medical image compuTing and visualization (FAST). The framework aims to make it easier to simultaneously process and visualize medical images efficiently on heterogeneous systems.

Methods

FAST uses common image processing programming paradigms and hides the details of memory handling from the user, while enabling the use of all processors and cores on a system. The framework is open-source, cross-platform and available online.

Results

Code examples and performance measurements are presented to show the simplicity and efficiency of FAST. The results are compared to the insight toolkit (ITK) and the visualization toolkit (VTK) and show that the presented framework is faster with up to 20 times speedup on several common medical imaging algorithms.

Conclusions

FAST enables efficient medical image computing and visualization on heterogeneous systems. Code examples and performance evaluations have demonstrated that the toolkit is both easy to use and performs better than existing frameworks, such as ITK and VTK.

Keywords

GPU Parallel Medical Image Computing  Visualization Heterogeneous OpenCL 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under Grant Agreement No. 610425. The hardware used in this project was funded by the MedIm (Norwegian Research School in Medical Imaging) Travel and Research Grant.

Conflict of interest

Erik Smistad, Mohammadmehdi Bozorgi and Frank Lindseth declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© CARS 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erik Smistad
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mohammadmehdi Bozorgi
    • 1
  • Frank Lindseth
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer and Information ScienceNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.SINTEF Medical TechnologyTrondheimNorway

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