What skills should simulation training in arthroscopy teach residents? A focus on resident input

  • Y. Hui
  • O. Safir
  • A. Dubrowski
  • H. Carnahan
Original Article



   Our purpose was to identify what surgical skills trainees consider important to possess before performing in the operating room and the components of an optimal simulator.


   An online survey composed of 35 questions was completed by 67 orthopedic residents from across Canada. The questions examined the opinions of residents for their perspective on what constitutes an optimal design of an arthroscopic simulator.


   The average year of residency of the respondents was 3.2, and the average number of arthroscopies assisted on was 66.1 with a range of 0–300. Identification of structures and navigation of the arthroscope were ranked highly in terms of importance for trainee surgeons to possess before performing in the operating room. Higher fidelity simulation models such as cadaveric specimens or the use of synthetic knees were preferred over lower fidelity simulation models such as virtual reality simulators or bench top models.


   The information from trainees can be used in the development of a simulator for medical education as well as program and curriculum design. The report also highlights the importance of the pre-RCT phases leading to the development of the most effective simulation programs.


Education Orthopedics Training  Simulation Virtual reality 


Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© CARS 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Hui
    • 1
    • 2
  • O. Safir
    • 2
    • 3
  • A. Dubrowski
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • H. Carnahan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.The Centre for Ambulatory Care EducationWomen’s College HospitalTorontoCanada
  2. 2.The Wilson CentreUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.The Learning Institute at the Hospital for Sick ChildrenUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational TherapyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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