Object The operating room is rich in digital data that must be rapidly gathered and integrated by caregivers, potentially distracting them from direct patient care. We hypothesized that current desktop computers could integrate enough electronically accessible perioperative data to present a unified, contextually appropriate snapshot of the patient to the operating room team without requiring any user intervention.
Materials and methods We implemented a system that integrates data from surgical and anesthesia devices and information systems, as well as an active radiofrequency identification location tracking system, to create a comprehensive, unified, time-synchronized database of all digital data produced by these systems. Next, a human factors engineering approach was used to identify selected data to show on a large format display during surgery.
Results A prototype system has been in daily use in a clinical operating room since August 2005. The system functions automatically without any user input, as the display system self-configures based on cues from the primary data. The system is vendor agnostic with respect to input data sources and display options.
Conclusion Automatic integration and display of team-synchronizing data from medical devices and hospital information systems is now possible using software that runs on a personal computer.
Data integration Operating room Status display OR black box recorder Surgery team
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