La radiologia medica

, Volume 119, Issue 7, pp 512–520 | Cite as

Vascular and interventional radiology radiofrequency ablation of benign thyroid nodules and recurrent thyroid cancers: literature review

  • Irene Chiara De BernardiEmail author
  • Chiara Floridi
  • Alessandra Muollo
  • Roberta Giacchero
  • Gian Lorenzo Dionigi
  • Alfonso Reginelli
  • Gianluca Gatta
  • Vito Cantisani
  • Roberto Grassi
  • Luca Brunese
  • Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Vascular And Interventional Radiology


Thermal radiofrequency ablation is a relatively new, minimally invasive modality employed as an alternative to surgery in patients with benign thyroid nodules and recurrent thyroid cancers. Different recommendations are necessary for the optimal use of radiofrequency ablation for thyroid nodules. These recommendations are based on a comprehensive analysis of the current literature, the results of multicenter studies, and expert consensus.


Thyroid US CEUS Radiofrequency Ablation Thyroid nodules Thyroid recurrent cancers Intervention radiology 


Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Medical Radiology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irene Chiara De Bernardi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chiara Floridi
    • 1
  • Alessandra Muollo
    • 1
  • Roberta Giacchero
    • 2
  • Gian Lorenzo Dionigi
    • 1
  • Alfonso Reginelli
    • 3
  • Gianluca Gatta
    • 3
  • Vito Cantisani
    • 4
  • Roberto Grassi
    • 6
  • Luca Brunese
    • 5
  • Gianpaolo Carrafiello
    • 1
  1. 1.University of InsubriaVareseItaly
  2. 2.University of MilanMilanItaly
  3. 3.Second University of NaplesNaplesItaly
  4. 4.University of Rome “La Sapienza”RomeItaly
  5. 5.University of MoliseCampobassoItaly
  6. 6.Department of RadiologySecond University of NaplesCasertaItaly

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