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La radiologia medica

, Volume 111, Issue 3, pp 376–391 | Cite as

Coronary artery anomalies: incidence, pathophysiology, clinical relevance and role of diagnostic imaging

  • F. Cademartiri
  • G. Runza
  • G. Luccichenti
  • M. Galia
  • N. R. Mollet
  • V. Alaimo
  • V. Brambilla
  • M. Gualerzi
  • P. Coruzzi
  • M. Midiri
  • R. Lagalla
CARDIAC RADIOLOGY

Abstract

Conventional coronary angiography is the gold standard for the diagnosis of coronary artery anomalies. Coronary anomalies are relatively rare findings in patients undergoing conventional coronary angiography for suspected obstructive coronary artery disease. Recently, the increasing performance of diagnostic techniques, such as electron beam tomography (EBT), magnetic resonance (MR) and, more recently, multislice computed tomography (MSCT), has enabled their application to cardiac imaging. MSCT, in particular, has a prominent role in coronary imaging due to its spatial and temporal resolution and threedimensional capabilities. We report the incidence and pathophysiology of coronary artery anomalies based on the capabilities of recent diagnostic tools with the aim of improving an accurate and noninvasive diagnostic approach.

Key words

Multislice computed tomography Coronary artery anomalies Magnetic resonance angiography Electron beam tomography 

Anomalie delle arterie coronarie: incidenza, fisiopatologia, rilevanza clinica e ruolo dell’imaging diagnostico

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Cademartiri
    • 1
    • 2
    • 6
  • G. Runza
    • 3
  • G. Luccichenti
    • 4
  • M. Galia
    • 3
  • N. R. Mollet
    • 1
  • V. Alaimo
    • 3
  • V. Brambilla
    • 5
  • M. Gualerzi
    • 5
  • P. Coruzzi
    • 5
  • M. Midiri
    • 3
  • R. Lagalla
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di RadiologiaErasmus Medical CenterRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Non-invasive Cardiovascular Imaging, Dept. of RadiologyAzienda Ospedaliera UniversitariaParmaItaly
  3. 3.DIBIMEL, Sezione di Scienze RadiologicheUniversità di PalermoPalermoItaly
  4. 4.Fondazione Biomedica Europea—ONLUSRomaItaly
  5. 5.U.O. di Prevenzione e Riabilitazione Cardiovascolare, Fondazione Don C. Gnocchi – ONLUSUniversità di ParmaParmaItaly
  6. 6.ParmaItaly

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