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Potato Research

, Volume 55, Issue 3–4, pp 249–268 | Cite as

In Search of Better Management of Potato Common Scab

  • Merete W. Dees
  • Leslie A. WannerEmail author
Article

Abstract

Common scab (CS) is an important disease and quality problem in potato crops worldwide. CS degrades the appearance of the potato tubers, thereby diminishing market value. Knowledge of CS has expanded considerably over recent years, enabling improved detection of the causal pathogens and increased understanding of mechanisms of pathogenicity, and providing potential methods of modulating pathogen response for disease resistance. However, effective control of this disease remains elusive, and will require increased understanding of both the host and the pathogen. Traditional control strategies such as irrigation and reduced soil pH are not sufficient and often fail. Optimizing environmental conditions for reduction of CS can also lead to favorable conditions for other diseases. The most desirable control method would be disease-resistant potato cultivars. However, no currently available commercial potato cultivar has been shown to be completely resistant to CS. In this review, we provide an overview of potato CS caused by plant pathogenic Streptomyces species, recent research on mechanisms and management of the disease, and knowledge gaps that limit successful control of this ubiquitous and troublesome disease.

Keywords

Gram-positive plant pathogen Pathogenicity factors Streptomyces spp Thaxtomin 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Thanks to the helpful commentary of Dr. Jo Anne Crouch, Dr. Linda Kinkel, and an anonymous reviewer in editing the manuscript. This work was partially supported by USDA-ARS project number 1275-21220-250-0OD, the Research Council of Norway, the Foundation for Research Levy on Agricultural Products, the Agricultural Agreement Research Fund, and Norwegian food industries.

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Copyright information

© EAPR (outside the USA) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plant Health and Plant Protection DivisionBioforsk, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental ResearchÅsNorway
  2. 2.Genetic Improvement of Fruit and Vegetables LaboratoryUS Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research ServicesBeltsvilleUSA

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