Dimensions of Group-Based Phylogenetic Mixtures
Mixtures of group-based Markov models of evolution correspond to joins of toric varieties. In this paper, we establish a large number of cases for which these phylogenetic join varieties realize their expected dimension, meaning that they are nondefective. Nondefectiveness is not only interesting from a geometric point-of-view, but has been used to establish combinatorial identifiability for several classes of phylogenetic mixture models. Our focus is on group-based models where the equivalence classes of identified parameters are orbits of a subgroup of the automorphism group of the abelian group defining the model. In particular, we show that for these group-based models, the variety corresponding to the mixture of r trees with n leaves is nondefective when \(n \ge 2r+5\). We also give improved bounds for claw trees and give computational evidence that 2-tree and 3-tree mixtures are nondefective for small n.
This work began at the 2016 AMS Mathematics Research Community on “Algebraic Statistics,” which was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant number DMS-1321794. RD was supported by NSF DMS-1401591. EG was supported by NSF DMS-1620109. RW was supported by a NSF GRF under Grant number PGF-031543, NSF RTG Grant 0943832, and a Ford Foundation Dissertation Fellowship. HB was supported in part by a research assistantship, funded by the National Institutes of Health Grant R01 GM117590. PEH was partially supported by NSF Grant DMS-1620202.
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