Japanese Journal of Mathematics

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 137–261 | Cite as

Finite vs affine W-algebras

Article

Abstract.

In Section 1 we review various equivalent definitions of a vertex algebra V. The main novelty here is the definition in terms of an indefinite integral of the λ-bracket. In Section 2 we construct, in the most general framework, the Zhu algebra ZhuΓV, an associative algebra which “controls” Γ-twisted representations of the vertex algebra V with a given Hamiltonian operator H. An important special case of this construction is the H-twisted Zhu algebra ZhuHV. In Section 3 we review the theory of non-linear Lie conformal algebras (respectively non-linear Lie algebras). Their universal enveloping vertex algebras (resp. universal enveloping algebras) form an important class of freely generated vertex algebras (resp. PBW generated associative algebras). We also introduce the H-twisted Zhu non-linear Lie algebra ZhuHR of a non-linear Lie conformal algebra R and we show that its universal enveloping algebra is isomorphic to the H-twisted Zhu algebra of the universal enveloping vertex algebra of R. After a discussion of the necessary cohomological material in Section 4, we review in Section 5 the construction and basic properties of affine and finite W-algebras, obtained by the method of quantum Hamiltonian reduction. Those are some of the most intensively studied examples of freely generated vertex algebras and PBW generated associative algebras. Applying the machinery developed in Sections 3 and 4, we then show that the H-twisted Zhu algebra of an affine W-algebra is isomorphic to the finite W-algebra, attached to the same data. In Section 6 we define the Zhu algebra of a Poisson vertex algebra, and we discuss quasiclassical limits. In the Appendix, the equivalence of three definitions of a finite W-algebra is established.

Keywords and phrases.

vertex algebra (non-linear) Lie conformal algebra deformed vertex operators twisted module over a vertex algebra Zhu algebra finite and affine W-algebras quasi-classical limit 

Mathematics Subject Classification (2000).

17B69 

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Copyright information

© The Mathematical Society of Japan and Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Istituto Nazionale di Alta MatematicaCittá UniversitariaRomaItaly
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsMITCambridgeUSA

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