, Volume 63, Issue 6, pp 682–692 | Cite as

Teachers’ Self-efficacy Matters: Exploring the Integration of Mobile Computing Device in Middle Schools

  • Kyungbin KwonEmail author
  • Anne T. Ottenbreit-Leftwich
  • Annisa R. Sari
  • Zuheir Khlaif
  • Meina Zhu
  • Hamid Nadir
  • Fatih Gok
Original Paper


How can teachers be inspired to integrate technology properly into their teaching? As technology has been playing a more crucial role in classrooms, it is highly necessary to investigate how teachers perceive the benefit of technology and feel confident to use it. The present study focused on teachers’ self-efficacy and belief regarding mobile computing devices. To investigate the relationship among self-efficacy, belief and technology integration, we administrated a survey to teachers (N = 57) in middle schools adopting one-to-one technology initiatives. Results showed that teachers’ self-efficacy toward mobile technology predicted the integration of the technology. Teachers’ belief had a positive relationship with, but did not predict, technology integration. Factors related to teachers’ self-efficacy and belief were discussed.


Self-efficacy Teacher belief Technology integration Mobile learning 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications & Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Instructional Systems TechnologyIndiana University BloomingtonBloomingtonUSA
  2. 2.Yogyakarta State UniversityYogyakartaIndonesia

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