Skill-Based Educational Video Creation in Gambia: a Participatory Video Project Review
Videos continue to be useful educational tools for low-literacy adults in rural developing areas. This article outlines a project that combined applied cognitive science and participatory video methodology to design and create high-quality skill-learning videos for adults in The Gambia, West Africa. First, it provides an overview of the collaboration involved in the project design and development. Then, it reviews the characteristics of the videos created. We examine the project merits through interviews with villagers. These interviews revealed that village women valued video education because learning was easily accessible and the skills presented had benefits for their lives. Project reflections and recommendations are provided at the end in order to support participatory video projects in similar settings.
KeywordsParticipatory video International education Cognitive load
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Hannah M Grossman declares she has no conflict of interest.
- Harp, S. F., & Mayer, R. E. (1998). How seductive details do their damage: A theory of cognitive interest in science learning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(3), 414–434.Google Scholar
- Grotlüschen, A. et al. (2016), “Adults with low proficiency in literacy or numeracy”, OECD education working papers, no. 131, OECD Publishing, Paris. https://doi.org/10.1787/5jm0v44bnmnx-en
- Lie, R., & Mandler, A. (2009). Video in development: Filming for rural change. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA). http://hdl.handle.net/10568/63643
- Lunch, N., & Lunch, C. (2006). Insights into participatory video: A handbook for the field. Oxford: InsightShare.Google Scholar
- Mayer, R. E. (2009). Multimedia learning (Second ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Moreno, R., & Mayer, R. E. (2000). A learner-centered approach to multimedia explanations: Deriving instructional design principles from cognitive theory. Interactive Multimedia Electronic Journal of Computer-Enhanced Learning, 2(2), 12–20.Google Scholar
- Tversky, B., Morrison, J. B., & Bétrancourt, M. (2002). Animation: can it facilitate?. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 57(4):247–262.Google Scholar
- UNICEF. (2012). The state of the world's children 2012: Children in an urban world. Working Papers, eSocialSciences, http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:4823.
- Van Mele, P. (2011). Video-mediated farmer-to-farmer learning for sustainable agriculture: A scoping study for SDC, SAI Platform and GFRAS. Belgium: Agro-Insight.Google Scholar
- Zossou, E., Van Mele, P., Vodouhe, S. D., & Wanvoeke, J. (2009a). Comparing farmer-to-farmer video with workshops to train rural women in improved rice parboiling in Central Benin. Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 15(4), 329–339. https://doi.org/10.1080/13892240903309561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar